1LING 2140March8, 2012Ruth KingAssignment 2due March22Exercise 1:PP Arguments and AdjunctsThe sentences below all contain a verb followed by a PP. For each example, decide whether the PP is an argument or an adjunct to the verb. Use two pieces of evidenceto argue for your conclusion for eachexample.a.They are hoping for a peaceful settlement.b.I ran in the morning.c.Kim’s always referring to some boy bandor other.d.Wecan’t account for the missing money.e.They savedfor five years.f.The cyclistsstopped near the park.g.Erin leaves her housekeys in her backpack.Hint: Think in terms of:i.do sotestii.specificity of Piii.optionality of PExercise 2:Theta-rolesConsider the following data from Warlpiri:a.Lungkardakangulya-ngkanguna-mi.bluetongueAUXburrow-Alie-NON.PAST‘The bluetongue skink is lying in the burrow.’b.Nantuwukakarru-kurraparnka-mihorseAUXcreek-Brun-NON.PAST‘The horse is running to the creek.’c.Karlikapirli-ngirliwanti-mi.boomerangAUXstone-Cfall-NON.PAST‘The boomerang is falling from the stone.’d.Kurdu-ngkuka-janapirliyurutu-wanayirra-rni.child-DAUXstoneroad-Eput.NON.PAST‘The child is putting stones along the road.’What is the meaningof eachof the suffixes glossed with A, B, C, D, E. Which thematic rolescan you relate these suffixes to?
2Exercise 3:Relative clauses For each data set given below, you will determine how relative clauses are formed. The threelanguages (Ndyuka, Romani and Malayalam,) are typologically distinct.For each data set, identify:iwhether the relative clause precedes or follows the head noun in that language;ii where possible, what the head noun is in each separate example;iiiwhere possible, the relative pronoun;iiiwhether the language utilizes a ‘gap’ in each relativized position, or whether this position instead contains a resumptive pronoun. You need to do this for each separate example. An example may contain more than one relative clause, each with different properties.Data Set A: Ndukya1. a neti di a kisi a deen yathe night RELhe catch the dream here“The night he had this dream.”2.a basi di mi wooko githe boss RELI work for“the boss that I work for”3.a bofoo, di mi feti anga en, di mi kiithe tapir RELI struggle with 3SGRELI kill“the tapir which I struggled with, which I killed”4.di fi en di a be komoto anga en a beethat for 3SGRELhe past come.out with 3SGfrom stomach“the one that was his, the one with which he had come out of the womb”Data Set B: Romani5.koi t?uri kaj t?indom Imatrelethis knife RELcut:1SGthe potatoes“the knife with which I cut the potatoes”6.jek torba kaj ikeravas la katro dumoa bag RELcarry:1SGit from back“a bag which I carry on my back”7.kaa si o t?aoro kaj dijem les iraki paresthis is the boy RELgave:1SGhim yesterday money“This is the boy to whom I gave money yesterday.”8.sas kothe bajora so t?it?álonas mawas there things RELNEGappeal:3PL:PASTme“There were things there that I didn’t like.”
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