Corporate Social Responsibility And International Staffing Policies

Arguments against outsourcing domestic production


1) Does the NYMO organization in its course for Corporate Social Responsibility, has Corporate Citizenship obligation to try to preserve the jobs of its workers in their home-country market? (Justify your advice). As part of John’s report to the CEO, give few key arguments in favor and against the need for outsourcing domestic production, and therefore, cutting down jobs at home.

2) Given that the joint venture, has decided to implement a geocentric staffing policy in appointing the venture’s CEO, identify the key advantages and disadvantages of each type of international staffing policy. Namely ethnocentric, polycentric and geocentric staffing.

3) What are the risks the Joint venture might have with the contract labor strategy planned to be implemented in rehiring staff laid off in its effort to keep the costs down (“reengineer”), right after the first signs of recovery from the financial crisis? Can you propose any alternative(s) to the contract labor strategy for the joint venture?  

4)How do you judge the senator’s proposal for the tax incentives offered to attract the NYMO’s organization new investment? Would the outlay be proper use of taxpayer money? Why or why not? If you were in John’s position, would you feel comfortable defending your acceptance for the tax incentives if it were to become public?

5) Suppose you were asked to decide the course of action with regards to the announcements of the new government’s spokesman? It is up to you to decide on behalf of the NYMO’s organization board, a course of action. Can you make an ethical decision that is also a good and profitable business decision? Specifically a) Do you pull out of the country, effectively abandoning your investment and employees? b) Do you publicly and directly confront the leaders of the new government and insist that they owe to respect the rights and interests of all multinationals operating in their soil? c) Do you proceed more discreetly and pursue diplomacy individually, out of the public’s eye? d) Do you advise a different course of action?

A Corporate Citizenship is the degree to which organizations are socially accountable for meeting economic, legal and ethical liability put on them by shareholders. The goal of Corporate Citizenship for businesses is to build quality of life and higher standards of living in the communities in which they function. In this case NYMO is operating in both New York and in some Latin American country, but its main operating market is shifted to Latin American country and it is fulfilling its Corporate Citizenship obligation for Latin America by providing jobs to the people of Latin America. So we can say that it is performing its Corporate Citizenship responsibility to a large extent (Prasad, 2011).Our advice is that even though NYMO is completing its responsibility in Latin America, it should keep some of its operations in its home country, and fulfill its responsibility for the home country, especially that the new venture may be subject to political/financial crisis.

As part of John’s report to the CEO, give few key arguments in favor and against the need for outsourcing domestic production, and therefore, cutting down jobs at home. Arguments in favor of outsourcing domestic production

Advantages and disadvantages of different international staffing policies

Swiftness and Expertise–The workers to which task is outsourced have explicit equipments and industrial skill, many of the times superior than the ones at the company that has outsourced. Efficiently the jobs can be completed quicker and with improved eminence output (Vining & Globerman, 1999).

Focusing on core process rather than the sustaining ones –Outsourcing the sustaining procedures gives the organization additional time to reinforce their core trade procedure.Risk-sharing –one of the most vital issues forming the result of a campaign is risk-analysis. Outsourcing definite constituents of your business procedure helps the company to transfer some accountability to the outsourced vendor.

Cheap Operational and staffing costs –Outsourcing avoids the necessity to employ employees in-house; hence staffing and operational costs can be reduced to a great degree. This is one of the major benefits of offshore outsourcing (Lewin & Johnson, 2000)

Arguments against outsourcing domestic production

Risk of divulging secret data –When an association contracts out HR, Recruitment services and Payroll, it engages a danger if revealing secret company information to a third-party.

Coordinating the deliverables –In case right partner is not chosen for outsourcing, some of the ordinary difficult areas comprise prolonged delivery time frames, inferior quality output and unsuitable classification of duties. At times it is simple to control these issues within an company rather than with an outsourced partner (Quelin & Duhamel, 2003).

Hidden costs –Although outsourcing majority of the times is gainful at times the concealed costs concerned in signaling an agreement while signing an agreement across international borders may pretense a serious danger.

Ethnocentric staffing advantages

The obvious benefit of ethnocentric staffing is the agreement of point of view and interests of the head office with all other overseas subsidiaries. Communication is simpler in ethnocentric staffing as there should be no cultural and language barriers. A company practicing ethnocentric staffing is also capable to move workers with an obvious presentation proof that will offer some level of certainty (Kakabadse & Kakabadse, 2002).

Ethnocentric staffing disadvantages

You can mislay local viewpoint and imminent that local workers can give that may assist overcome exceptional obstacles in each foreign office. Furthermore, appointing emigrants is inclined to be costly contrasted to appointing locally. In addition, a high ratio of deportees may build local hatred at foreign subsidiaries, which may harm self-esteem (Hajduk, 2000).

Polycentric staffing advantages

It will be better for the employees of the operating country to direct the organization on local market circumstances, laws and culture at every overseas locality. Utilization of home workers gives a point to the organization and the customers that the company is agreeable to give an assurance to the nation. Home workers are also contemptible, no transfer costs and top reimbursement are involved. (Harris, Giunipero, Tomas & Hult, 1998).

Polycentric staffing disadvantages                                 

Depending on locals means there may be a few divide in viewpoint and notices with the home country. Locals may place local attentions on top of the company’s big interests (Karnitschnig, 2004).

Geocentric Hiring Advantages

Risks and alternatives to contract labor strategies for joint ventures

Geocentric hiring is the practice of keeping the finest people in your company not considering of where they are from. If you have an idol player in your US manufacturing office and your Italy based operations team wants him, you would get him in the geocentric model. The main advantage of this model is that it allocates to use the ability where it is needed the most. (Momme, 2002).

Geocentric Hiring Disadvantages

When you have a small company, you may not construct the wide worldwide infrastructure that lets you to really influence a geocentric model. The costs of this model may be high compared to the number of company’s we have outside. When you start taking employees from abroad, your preparation and transfer costs can go up and you also have the additional difficulty of dealing with immigration related necessities. There is also a risk of weakening the cultures (WiÅ›niewska, 2011).

Some of the risks involved in contract labor strategy for the joint venture are –

  • Many times when workers are on contract they don’t have loyalty to the company when contrasted with full time workers.
  • On contract workers have a higher turnover rate.
  • Company also has a risk that on contract worker is probable to find it hard to mix into the company again and may undergo lower morale; also core workers possibly will feel threatened by the attendance of contingent employees.

Thus, part time workers who once were permanent employees might have more obscurity in cooperate with each other.

Some alternative to the contract labor strategy for the joint venture are –
Leave of Absence –

People are presented a leave of absence with full profits for a meticulous time to help business weather a slump. Although people are promised a job on completion of the leave, it might not be the equivalent job or at the equal pay level (Gilley & Rasheed, 2000).

Employee Buy-Outs
The organization permits employees to acquire the process that was lined up for shutting and set up their own production.

Shared Ownership
The organization permits employees to trade pay raises or pay slashes in revisit for company stock.

We think that senator’s proposal for the tax incentives was a good proposal, as many developing countries today are using such kind of policies for development of their company. This would be a proper outlay of taxpayer money as they are the ones who would be benefited once the company starts operating (Cooper, 2004).

Yes, if I had been in John’s position, I would feel comfortable defending acceptance for the tax incentives if it were to become public as taking tax incentives is not wrong and is profitable for both the operating nation and the company (Biel, 2001).

We would take a different course of action (D)., we should have a meeting with the leaders of the Government; we should try to explain them how much we have invested in the Joint venture and might be difficult for the nation to run the company on their own, as we have prior experience in running this energy business. If the government is still not convinced we can ask them for some time in which we will help the company to operate, and if the government at anytime feels that it will be able to handle the company better than us, then it can immediately take all the powers from us. This way we can borrow some time from the government, we can also ask the government to fix a particular percentage of company profit which we can get regularly; we can also advice government to discuss the issue with employees before taking any decision (Caldwell, 2006).


Biel, F. (2001). Promotor.

Caldwell, B. (2006, June 24). The new outsourcing partnership. Information Week, pp. 50-60.

Cooper, C. (2004). Poll shows support for off shoring tax. CNET

Gilley, K.M., & Rasheed, A. (2000). Making More by Doing Less: An Analysis of Outsourcing and its Effects on Firm Performance, Journal of Management, Vol. 26, No. 4, p. 764.

Hajduk, A. (2010). Outsourcing. 

Harris, A., Giunipero, L., Tomas, G., & Hult, M. (1998). Impact of Organisational and Contract Flexibility on Outsourcing Contracts, Industrial Marketing Management

Karnitschnig, M. (2004). Vaunted German engineers face competition from China. New YorkTimes.

Kakabadse, A., & Kakabadse, N. (2002). Trends in Outsourcing: Contrasting USA and Europe, European Management Journal (Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 189).

Lewin, J., & Johnson, W. (2000). The effects of organisational restructuring on industrial buying behaviour: 1990 and beyond, Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing vol. 11 no.6 1996, pp. 93-111.

Prasad, R. (2011). The Outsourcing Option, Ebesco Publishing.

Momme, J. (2002). Framework for outsourcing manufacturing: strategic and operational implications, 49 pp. 59ñ75.

Quelin, B., & Duhamel F. (2003). Bringing Together Strategic Outsourcing and Corporate Strategy: Outsourcing Motives and Risks, European Management Journal. Vol. 21, No. 5, p. 652;

Vining A., & Globerman S. (1999). A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the Outsourcing Decision, European Management Journal. Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 645ñ654.

Wiśniewska M. (2011). Outsourcing.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Answers Market
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Thank you very much!! I should definitely pass my class now. I appreciate you!!
Customer 452591, June 18th, 2022
Political science
Thank you!
Customer 452701, February 12th, 2023
Thank you so much, Reaserch writer. you are so helpfull. I appreciate all the hard works. See you.
Customer 452701, February 12th, 2023
Business Studies
Great paper thanks!
Customer 452543, January 23rd, 2023
Political science
I like the way it is organized, summarizes the main point, and compare the two articles. Thank you!
Customer 452701, February 12th, 2023
Thank you for your work
Customer 452551, October 22nd, 2021
Thank you for your help. I made a few minor adjustments to the paper but overall it was good.
Customer 452591, November 11th, 2021
I requested a revision and it was returned in less than 24 hours. Great job!
Customer 452467, November 15th, 2020
Thank you. I will forward critique once I receive it.
Customer 452467, July 25th, 2020
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat