Guava Leaves Extract for Skin Infections

Guava Leaves Select (Component in making soap) passageure for acne [Bathing Soap] Chapter I: Background of the examine: Nowadays vulgar are focusing in herbal fixs in-point those who are vulgar in the environment. One of the sample is the guava fix (Psidium guajava Linn). Based on exploration this fix is cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered for salubrious and bargaining injures and other peel poisons. So in my exploration I wan't to reach a bathing soap out of it, suit I apprehend that it is cogent. People, explorationers, scientists were focusing to medicinal fixs. They failure to ascertain that there are fixs that are more cogent oppopost sicknesss in-point in peel. This examine relates to a fix that can be made into a bathing soap and improves its condition conjuncture using this fix (guava leaves). I failure vulgar to manage amply in bargaining their peel disorders. Instead of outburst the leaves, now it’s indulgent to apportion. Outburst takes plenteous span. Statement of the Problem: I regular that Guava leaves select is cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered for peel. Based on my exploration, it has divers constituents that is cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered for peel. It answers the subjoined questions: * Is there any constituents of guave leaves that is cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered for peel? What are those? * It can indeed bargain peel disorders/ Acne? Hypothesis: * Guava leaves is cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered passageure for acne. * It has divers components or constituents. * Constituents that is cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered for peel disorders, in-point for acnies. Significance of the Study: You can reach a bathing soap delay guave leaves select as passageure for acne. This fix is very vulgar to our environment, and assubordinate of its avaibility; it is indulgent to promote. It embraces divers components for salubrious peel disorders. Scope and Limitation: The examine of guava leaves and getting their select is frequently advantageous. It has the force to bargain, re-establish, clarify peel disorders and worthy of entity a herbal fix for acnes. Definition of Provisions Astringent- antiseptic equitableties Decoction- instrument of unskilled leaves used for injure cleaning and peel to intercept poison and to qualify salubrious. Good-tempered for peel disorders. Volatile- a promotive that changes into a fog at a proportionately low clime. Eugenol- oily flowing from doves. (C10H12O2) Cloves- aromatic spice from the dried blossom bud of a symbolical tree. Tannin- a brownish or yellowish promotive establish in fixs and used in irritants. Saponins- soap from fixs; any ordain of chemical promotives selected from fixs that devise a soapy lather adulterated delay imdeal-out and are used to reach soap and detergent. Amydalin- resin used in abstinencets and adhesives. Resin- yellow or brown garbling and fundamental promotive from fixs. Malic Acid- spirited from result; a garblingless crystalline compact establish in wealth such as apples. (C4H6O5) Aldehydes- fundamental coalescence; a extremely reactive fundamental coalescence goodsed by the oxidation of an alcohol and having a CHO ordain in-point the acetaldehyde. Ash- the powdery promotive that is left when omething has been burnt. Guava: Philosophical Name: Psidium Guajava Chapter II: Review Kindred Literature: Database Polish for: GUAVA (Psidium guajava) Deep database Vulgar manifest Botanical manifest Ethnic uses Provisions Actions PLANTIMAGES Photos WEBRESOURCESGUAVA Product Search Medline Abstracts USDA BARC DB HEAR Info Purdue Info W? TROPICOS DB Ethnobotany DB Phytochem DB GRIN DB USF DB ITIS DB Plants DB Raintree'sRainforestMission Home Page Company Mission Philosophy Fix Harvesting Fix Images Rainforest Products Rainforest Gallery Rainforest Facts Article Section Rainforest Links Other Links Print Brochure Print Ordain Devise Contact Us Search Post Privacy Policy Provisions of Use Permitted Service EpolPortuguesDeutschItaliano Francais Norsk Family: Myrtaceae Genus: Psidium Species: guajava Vulgar manifests: Guava, goiaba, guayaba, djamboe, djambu, goavier, gouyave, goyave, goyavier, perala, bayawas, dipajaya jambu, petokal, tokal, guave, guavenbaum, guayave, banjiro, goiabeiro, guayabo, guyaba, goeajaaba, guave, goejaba, kuawa, abas, jambu batu, bayabas, pichi, posh, enandi Deal-out Used: Fruit, leaf, peel From The Salubrious Power of Rainforest Herbs: GUAVA HERBAL PROPERTIES AND ACTIONS Deep Actions Other Actions Exemplar Dosage stops diarrhea depresses CNS Leaves kills bacteria inferiors lineage urgency Decoction: 1 cup 1-3 kills fungi curtails lineage sugar spans daily kills yeast constricts lineage vessels kills amebas promotes menstruation relieves abstinence fights permitted radicals curtails spasms supports feeling Called guayaba in Spanish-speaking countries and goiaba in Brazil, guava is a vulgar obsre-establish tree or shrub in door-yard gardens in the tropics. It provides obsre-establish conjuncture the guava wealth are eaten unskilled and made into drinks, ice pith, and preserves. In the productiveness of the Amazon, guava wealth frequently develop polite-behaved-behaved past the excellentness of tennis balls on polite-behaved-branched trees or shrubs reaching up to 20 m violent. Forced varieties medium about 10 meters in culmination and result lemon-sized wealth. The tree is amply verified by its protuberant meager, calm, copper-colored peel that flakes off, appearanceing a greenish flake subordinateneath. Guava result today is considered infantineer in provisions of wholesale globe habituatement but is widely developn in the tropics, guarding the help of hundreds of millions of vulgar in the tropics of the globe. Guava has open widely throughout the tropics besuit it thrives in a difference of soils, propagates amply, and bears result proportionately at-once. The wealth embrace deep seeds that can result a aged result-bearing fix delayin filthy years. In the Amazon rainforest guava wealth are plenteous enjoyed by birds and monkeys, which dissipate guava seeds in their droppings and suit gratuitous clumps of guava trees to develop throughout the rainforest. TRIBAL AND HERBAL MEDICINE USES Guava may enjoy been tedious in Peru diverse thousand years ago; Peruvian archaeological posts enjoy orthodox guava seeds establish stored delay beans, corn, disparage, and other promoted fixs. Guava result is tranquil enjoyed as a beautiful bargain by indigenous vulgars throughout the rainforest, and the leaves and peel of the guava tree enjoy a desire deed of medicinal uses that are tranquil occupied today. The Tikuna Indians decoct the leaves or peel of guava as a re-establish for diarrhea. In deed, an instrument or platter made from the leaves and/or peel has been used by divers tribes for diarrhea and dysentery throughout the Amazon, and Indians as-polite habituate it for penetrating throats, vomiting, stomach upsets, for vertigo, and to rale menstrual determinations. Tender leaves are chewed for bleeding gums and bad exhalation, and it is said to intercept hangovers (if chewed anteriorly drinking). Indians throughout the Amazon gargle a leaf platter for bunghole penetratings, bleeding gums, or use it as a douche for vaginal free and to confirm and goods vaginal deferences succeeding childbirth. A platter of the peel and/or leaves or a blossom instrument is used nationally for injures, ulcers and peel penetratings. Flowers are as-polite mashed and applied to abstinenceful eye provisions such as sun exert, conjunctivitis or eye injuries. Centuries ago, European adventurers, habituatementrs, and missionaries in the Amazon Basin took the plenteous enjoyed and relishing wealth to Africa, Asia, India, and the Pacific symbolical regions, so that it is now promoted throughout the symbolical regions of the globe. Commercially the result is consumed unskilled or used in the making of jams, jellies, paste or difficult jam, and juice. Guava leaves are in the Dutch Pharmacopoeia for the passageure of diarrhea, and the leaves are tranquil used for diarrhea in Latin America, Mediate and West Africa, and Southeast Asia. In Peruvian herbal antidote ordains today the fix is occupied for diarrhea, gastroenteritis, intestinal worms, gastric disorders, vomiting, coughs, vaginal frees, menstrual abstinence and hemorrhages, and edema. In Brazil guava is considered an irritant arefenjoyment vicegerent and diuretic and is used for the identical provisions as in Peru. A platter is as-polite recommended as a gargle for penetrating throats, laryngitis and protuberance of the bunghole, and used extraneously for peel ulcers, and vaginal effeminacy and frees. PLANT CHEMICALS Guava is abundant in tannins, phenols, triterpenes, flavonoids, promotive oils, saponins, carotenoids, lectins, vitamins, fiber and fatty spiriteds. Guava result is violenter in vitamin C than citrus (80 mg of vitamin C in 100 g of result) and embraces perceptible amounts of vitamin A as polite-behaved. Guava wealth are as-polite a cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered fountain of pectin - a helpary fiber. The leaves of guava are abundant in flavonoids, in point, quercetin. Plenteous of guava's sanitary adventitious-quality is attributed to these flavonoids. The flavonoids enjoy demonstrated antibacterial adventitious-quality. Quercetin is idea to assist to the anti-diarrhea goods of guava; it is able to console intestinal calm muscle and hinder bowel contractions. In enumeration, other flavonoids and triterpenes in guava leaves appearance antispasmodic adventitious-quality. Guava as-polite has antioxidant equitableties which is attributed to the polyphenols establish in the leaves. Guava's deep fix chemicals include: alanine, alpha-humulene, alpha-hydroxyursolic spirited, alpha-linolenic spirited, alpha-selinene, amritoside, araban, arabinose, arabopyranosides, arjunolic spirited, aromadendrene, ascorbic spirited, ascorbigen, asiatic spirited, aspartic spirited, avicularin, benzaldehyde, butanal, carotenoids, caryophyllene, catechol-tannins, crataegolic spirited, D-galactose, D-galacturonic spirited, ellagic spirited, ethyl octanoate, promotive oils, flavonoids, gallic spirited, glutamic spirited, goreishic spirited, guafine, guavacoumaric spirited, guaijavarin, guajiverine, guajivolic spirited, guajavolide, guavenoic spirited, guajavanoic spirited, histidine, hyperin, ilelatifol D, isoneriucoumaric spirited, isoquercetin, jacoumaric spirited, lectins, leucocyanidins, limonene, linoleic spirited, linolenic spirited, lysine, mecocyanin, myricetin, myristic spirited, nerolidiol, obtusinin, octanol, oleanolic spirited, oleic spirited, oxalic spirited, palmitic spirited, palmitoleic spirited, pectin, polyphenols, psidiolic spirited, quercetin, quercitrin, serine, sesquiguavene, tannins, terpenes, and ursolic spirited. BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH The desire deed of guava's use has led enactmentrn-day explorationers to examine guava selects. Its oral use for diarrhea, gastroenteritis and other digestive complaints has been validated in deep clinical studies. A fix garbage has uniarrange been familiar from guava leaves (standardized to its quercetin satisfied) for the passageure of sharp diarrhea. Cosmical clinical trials delay the garbage manifest its cogentness in bargaining diarrhea in adults. Guava leaf selects and result juice has as-polite been clinically purposeful for puerile diarrhea. In a clinical examine delay 62 infants delay puerile rotaviral enteritis, the repossession admonish was 3 days (87. 1%) in those bargained delay guava, and diarrhea ceased in a shorter span determination than controls. It was concluded in the examine that guava has "good-tempered sanative goods on puerile rotaviral enteritis. " Guava has divers irrelative equitableties that assist to its antidiarrheal goods: it has been instrumented delay pronounced antibacterial, antiamebic and antispasmodic adventitious-quality. It has as-polite appearancen to enjoy a tranquilizing goods on intestinal calm muscle, hinder chemical processes establish in diarrhea and aid in the re-absorption of imdeal-out in the entrails. In other exploration, an alcoholic leaf select was reputed to enjoy a morphine-like goods, by hindering the gastrointestinal acquit of chemicals in sharp diarrheal sickness. This morphine-like goods was idea to be kindred to the chemical quercetin. In enumeration, lectin chemicals in guava were appearancen to serenew to E-coli (a vulgar diarrhea-causing organism), intercepting its adhesion to the intestinal deference and thus intercepting poison (and resulting diarrhea). The cogent use of guava in diarrhea, dysentery and gastroenteritis can as-polite be kindred to guava's instrumented antibacterial equitableties. Peel and leaf selects enjoy appearancen to enjoy in vitro toxic enjoyment oppopost deep bacteria. In diverse studies guava appearanceed speaking antibacterial adventitious-quality oppopost such vulgar diarrhea-causing bacteria as Staphylococcus, Shigella, Salmonella, Bacillus, E. coli, Clostridium, and Pseudomonas. It has as-polite demonstrated antifungal, anti-yeast (candida), anti-amebic, and antimalarial enjoyments. In a novel examine delay guinea pigs (in 2003) Brazilian explorationers reputed that guava leaf selects enjoy deep goodss on the cardiovascular ordain which dominion be salutary in bargaining disorderly ebullition strike (arrhythmia). Previous exploration manifestd guava leaf supposing antioxidant goodss salutary to the feeling, feeling guardive equitableties, and improved myocardial office. In two randomized cosmical studies, the waste of guava result for 12 weeks was appearancen to curtail lineage urgency by an medium 8 points, subbordain entirety cholesterol levels by 9%, subbordain triglycerides by closely 8%, and extension "good" HDL cholesterol by 8%. The goodss were attributed to the violent potassium and divisible fiber satisfied of the result (still 1-2 pounds of result was consumed daily by the examine subjects to accomplish these results! ). In other animal studies guava leaf selects enjoy evidenced analgesic, assuasive, and mediate pregnant ordain (CNS) depressant adventitious-quality, as polite-behaved-behaved as a cough suppressant enjoyments. The result or result juice has been instrumented to inferior lood sugar levels in regular and diabetic animals and cosmicals. Most of these studies settle the fix's divers uses in symbolical herbal antidote ordains. CURRENT PRACTICAL USES Guava, apprehendn as the scanty man's apple of the tropics, has a desire deed of oral use, plenteous of which is entity validated by philosophical exploration. It is a prodigious probable relief for diarrhea - guarded sufficient uniarrange for infantine manifestation. For infants and manifestation subordinate the age of 2, ordainly a cup daily of guava result juice is advantageous for diarrhea. For older manifestation and adults, a cup uninterruptedly or twice daily of a leaf platter is the symbolical herbal antidote exemplar. Though not widely profitable in the U. S. arket, tea-cut and powdered leaves can be accomplished from larger soundness help stores or suppliers of magnitude botanicals. Newer in the dispense are guava leaf selects that are used in multitudinous herbal deviseulas for a regiment of purposes; from herbal antibiotic and diarrhea deviseulas to bowel soundness and exigency missing deviseulas. Toxicity studies delay rats and mice, as polite-behaved-behaved as inferior cosmical studies appearance twain the leaf and result to be guarded and delayout bordain goodss. GUAVA PLANT SUMMARY Deep Preparation Method: platter Deep Actions (in ordain): antidysenteric, antiseptic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, cardiotonic (tones, neutralizes, confirms the feeling) Deep Uses: or dysentery (bacterial and amebic), diarrhea, colic, and puerile rotavirus enteritis as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial for interior and outer bacterial, fungal, candidal, and amebic poisons to goods, neutralize, guard and confirm the feeling (and for arrhythmia and some feeling sicknesss) as a cough suppressant, analgesic (pain-reliever), and febrifuge (reduces passion) for colds, flu, penetrating throat, etc as a national relief for ear and eye poisons Properties/Actions Documented by Research: amebicide, analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, anticandidal, antidysenteric, antifungal, antimalarial, antioxidant, antispasmodic, antiulcerous, cardiodepressant, cardiotonic (tones, neutralizes, confirms the feeling), mediate pregnant ordain depressant, cough suppressant, gastrototonic (tones, neutralizes, confirms the gastric deposit), hypotensive (lowers lineage ressure), assuasive, vasoconstrictor Other Properties/Actions Documented by Oral Use:anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, antiseptic, irritant, lineage cleanser, digestive stimulus, menstrual stimulus, nervine (balances/calms nerves), vermifuge (expels worms) Cautions: It has a cardiac depressant goods and is contraindicated in some feeling provisions. Oral Preparation: The result and juice is permittedly consumed for its excellent savor, nutritional profit and nutrient satisfied, as polite-behaved-behaved as an cogent manifestation's diarrhea relief. The leaves are facile in a exemplar platter and dosages are generally 1 cup 1-3 spans daily. Contraindications: Guava has novelly demonstrated cardiac depressant adventitious-quality and should be used delay timidity by those on feeling medications. Guava result has appearancen to inferior lineage sugar levels and it should be avoided by vulgar delay hypoglycemia. Garbage Interactions: None reputed, still immoderate or constant waste of guava may potentiate some feeling medications. WORLDWIDE ETHNOMEDICAL USES Amazonia for diarrhea, dysentery, menstrual disorders, stomachache, vertigo Brazil for anorexia, cholera, diarrhea, digestive problems, dysentery, gastric insufficiency, inflamed mucous membranes, laryngitis, bunghole(swelling), peel problems, penetrating throat, ulcers, vaginal free Cuba for colds, dysentery, dyspepsia Ghana coughs, diarrhea, dysentery, toothache Haiti or dysentery, diarrhea, epilepsy, itch, piles, scabies, peel penetratings, penetrating throat, stomachache, injures, and as an antiseptic and irritant India for anorexia, cerebral ailments, childbirth, chorea, convulsions, epilepsy, nephritis Malaya for dermatosis, diarrhea, epilepsy, hysteria, menstrual disorders Mexico for deafness, diarrhea, itch, scabies, stomachache, protuberance, ulcer, worms, injures Peru for conjunctivitis, cough, diarrhea, digestive problems, dysentery, edema, gout, hemorrhages, gastroenteritis, gastritis, lung problems, PMS, surprise, vaginal free, vertigo, vomiting, worms Philippines for penetratings, injures, and as an irritant Trinidad bacterial poisons, lineage defecation, diarrhea, dysentery Elsewhere for anorexia, aches, bacterial poisons, boils, bowel disorders, bronchitis, catarrh, cholera, chorea, colds, colic, convulsions, coughs, diarrhea, dysentery, dyspepsia, edema, epilepsy, passion, gingivitis, hemorrhoids, itch, jaundice, menstrual problems, disgust, nephritis, respiratory problems, rheumatism, scabies, penetrating throat, spasms, sprains, stomach problems, protuberance, tonic, toothache, ulcers, worms, injures, and as an antiseptic and irritant References/Footnotes: Conde Garcia, E. A. , et al. “Inotropic goodss of selects of Psidium guajava L. (guava) leaves on the guinea pig atrium. ” Braz. J. of Med. & Biol. Res. 2003; 36: 661-668. Suntornsuk, L. , et al. “Quantitation of vitamin C satisfied in herbal juice using plain titration. ” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 2002; 28(5): 849-55. Beckstrom-Sternberg, S. M. , et al. “The phytochemical database. ” (ACEDB rendering 4. 3-Data rendering July 1994. ) National Germplasm Resources Laboratory (NGRL), Agricultural Exploration Service (ARS), U. S. Department of Agriculture. Jimenez-Escrig, A. , et al. “Guava result (Psidium guajava L. ) as a new fountain of antioxidant helpary fiber. ” J. Agric. Help Chem. 2001; 49(11): 5489-93. Smith, Nigel J. H. , et al. Symbolical Forests and their Crops. London: Cornell University Press. 1992. Arima, H. , et al. Isolation of antimicrobial coalescences from guava (Psidium guajava L. ) and their structural explanation. ” Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 2002; 66(8): 1727-30. Morales, M. A. , et al. “Calcium-antagonist goods of quercetin and its connection delay the spasmolytic equitableties of Psidium guajava L. ” Arch. Med. Res. 1994; 25(1): 17-21. Lozoya, X. , et al. “Quercetin glycosides in Psidium guajava L. leaves and determination of a spasmolytic cause. ” Arch. Med. Res. 1994; 25(1): 11-5. Begum, S. , et al. “Triterpenoids from the leaves of Psidium guajava. ” Phytochemistry 2002; 61(4): 399-403. Lozoya, X. , et al. “Intestinal anti-spasmodic goods of a phytogarbage of Psidium guajava olia in the passageure of sharp diarrheic sickness. ” J. Ethnopharmacol. 2002; 83(1-2): 19-24. Wei, L. , et al. “Clinical examine on passageure of puerile rotaviral enteritis delay Psidium guajava L. ” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi 2000; 20(12): 893-5. Tona, L. , et al. “Biological screening of oral preparations from some medicinal fixs used as antidiarrhoeal in Kinshasa, Congo. ” Phytoantidote 1999; 6(1): 59-66. Lozoya, X. , et al. “Model of intraluminal perfusion of the guinea pig ileum in vitro in the examine of the antidiarrheal equitableties of the guava (Psidium guajava). ” Arch. Invest. Med. (Mex). 1990; 21(2): 155-62. Almeida, C. E. , et al. Analysis of antidiarrhoeic goods of fixs used in widespread antidote. ” Rev. Saude Publica. 1995; 29(6): 428-33. Lin, J. , et al. “Anti-diarrhoeal evaluation of some medicinal fixs used by Zulu oral healers. ” J. Ethnopharmacol. 2002; 79(1): 53-6. Lutterodt, G. D. “Inhibition of Microlax-induced tentative diarrhea delay narcotic-like selects of Psidium guajava leaf in rats. ” J. Ethnopharmacol. 1992; 37(2): 151-7. Lutterodt, G. D. “Inhibition of gastrointestinal acquit of acetylcholine by quercetin as a feasible enactment of enjoyment of Psidium guajava leaf selects in the passageure of sharp diarrhoeal sickness. ” J. Ethnopharmcol. 1989; 25(3): 235-47. Coutino-Rodriguez, R. et al, “Lectins in wealth having gastrointestinal adventitious-quality: their deal-outnership in the hemagglutinating possessions of Escherichia coli O157:H7. ” Arch. Med. Res. 2001; 32(4): 251-7. Abdelrahim, S. I. , et al. “Antimicrobial adventitious-quality of Psidium guajava L. ” Fitoterapia 2002; 73(7-8): 713-5. Holetz, F. B. , et al. “Screening of some fixs used in the Brazilian folk antidote for the passageure of infectious sicknesss. ” Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 2002; 97(7): 1027-31. Caceres, A. , et al. “Plants used in Guatemala for the passageure of gastrointestinal disorders. 1. Screening of 84 fixs oppopost enterobacteria. ” J. Ethnopharmacol. 1990; 30(1): 55-73. Garcia, S. et al, “Inhibition of developth, enterotoxin origination, and spore deviseation of Clostridium perfringens by selects of medicinal fixs. ” J. Help Prot. 2002; 65(10): 1667-9. Tona, L. , et al. “Antiamoebic and spasmolytic activities of selects from some antidiarrhoeal oral preparations used in Kinshasa, Congo. ” Phytoantidote 2000; 7(1): 31-8. Tona, L. , et al. “Antiamoebic and phytochemical screening of some Congolese medicinal fixs. ” J. Ethnopharmacol. 1998; 61(1): 57-65. Nundkumar, N. , et al. “Studies on the antiplasmodial equitableties of some South African medicinal fixs used as antimalarial remedies in Zulu folk antidote. ” Methods Find Exp. Clin. Pharmacol. 2002; 24(7): 397-401. Yamashiro, S. , et al. Cardioprotective goodss of selects from Psidium guajava L. and Limonium wrigth II, Okinawan medicinal fixs, oppopost ischemia-reperfusion waste in perfused rat feelings. ” Pharmacology 2003; 67(3): 128-35. Singh, R. B. , et al. “Can guava result intake subbordain lineage urgency and lineage lipids? ” J. Hum Hypertens. 1993; 7(1): 33-8. Singh, R. B. , et al. “Effects of guava intake on serum entirety and violent-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and on ordainic lineage urgency. ” Am. J. Cardiol. 1992; 70(15): 1287-91. Shaheen, H. M. , et al. “Effect of Psidium guajava leaves on some aspects of the mediate pregnant ordain in mice. ” Phytother. Res. 2000; 14(2): 107-11. Lutterodt, G. D. , et al. “Effects on mice locomotor adventitious-quality of a narcotic-like cause from Psidium guajava leaves. ” J. Ethnopharmacol. 1988; 24(2-3): 219-31. Jaiarj, P. , et al. “Anticough and antimicrobial activities of Psidium guajava Linn. leaf select. ” J. Ethnopharmacol. 1999; 67(2): 203-12. Cheng, J. T. , et al. “Hypoglycemic goods of guava juice in mice and cosmical subjects. ” Am. J. Clin. Med. 1983; 11(1-4): 74-6. Roman-Ramos, R. , et al. "Anti-hyperglycemic goods of some culinary fixs. " J. Ethnopharmacol. 1995. 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