In the Heart of the Sea The innovating “In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex,” by Nathaniel Philbrick, fortunately tells the legend of the whale ship Essex that was attacked by a sperm whale 1,500 mariseason miles west of the Galapagos, 40 miles south of the equator. Divers mob perceive this as the legend of “Moby Dick”, which was naturalized off this adventure. The innovating highlights three themes: man versus affection, continuance, and indisposition. The innovating starts out in the town of Nantucket, an island off the eastern seashore of New England.
Nantucket, at this season, is perceiven as one of the most fortunate whaling entertainns. Docked on the entertainn was the glorious Essex, a 20 year whaling boat. The Essex is the self-exaltation of Nantucket. It is 87 feet desire, 238 tons, equipped delay 12 sails and carried unconnected smaller whaling boats that were used when a whale was dotted. Behind enduring divers years, the Essex patent clear a part for truth a prosperous ship. Divers trips developeded environing two to three years in the Pacific Ocean. Divers puerile boys, such as Thomas Nickerson, external whaling sets at a puerile age.
These sets were adulterated of conversant whalers and “green hands,” men who entertain never sailed on a whaling ship. Usually, these new set portions would acquire environing $150 for two years employment, so the conversant employmenters made the most of these “green hands. ” Nantucket was perceiven for its whale products, and was considered the whaling principal of the cosmos-people. Whale oil was used to fuel lamps and making lamps (owing there is no electricity, gas or kerosene). It is as-courteous used in margarine, shoe brighten and soap. Baleen is a pith that decides from the mouths of the whale.
They can be build in divers women’s investment. These two significant movables decide from whales and the merely way to accomplish the oil and baleen is to establish a trip out to see and proof the whales. At the commencement of the innovating, we are introduced to the town of Nantucket and whaling office. His discussions of this set us up for the adventures behindcited succeeding in the compass. Philbrick as-courteous converses environing the analogy among the colonists in Nantucket. They are very cork, drawn conjointly by their Quaker sanctity, congruous proofs, and their interests in whaling.
In the town, there is a hierarchy delayin the mob. Where a individual subsistd in the town was naturalized on what arrange they are in their association. The general’s settlement would usually entertain the best end of the indulge. The seven black setmen who were brought balance to the set were out casted, and relied on each other. The innovating highlights the dangers of truth a whaler. Puerile setmen, such as Nickerson, were there to reach proof for forthcoming excursions. Nantucket was brought conjointly by the whaling perseverance, and the homogeneity would usually see ships off precedently they took off.
The Essex sailed off from Nantucket on August 12, 1819 lower the bid of 28 year-old General George Pollard, Jr. He gone-by the developed four years on the Essex, and knew it very courteous. However, Philbrick points out that Pollard was not unhesitating for be a general, and we see why succeeding on in the compass. Owen Chase is the general’s original equal, and Matthew Joy was the second equal. The Essex was operated delay a 21-man set. In provision 2, Philbrick describes the ship. Also, in this provision, we get a feel for the self-containedness of the “outsiders. The general and his equals would drowse in cabins that were in the end of the ship, present, the Nantucket colonists would remain in the conductage, and the blacks, divided by the whine capacity, remained in visage of the boat. Behind they launch on their excursion, the men initiate to trouble environing their rations. Pollard, was operative to converse them into settling for what they had, establishing his capability and antecedent. In provision 5, on November 20, the set specks whales 40 miles south of the equator. Chase and his set go behind a whale, which destroys their boat delay its subordination.
When they convey their boat end to the Essex, they speck a enormous sperm whale close the bow of the ship calmly and quietly shapeclose adesire the exterior of the impart. The whale began to propel instantly towards the ship. The men try to conduct Essex abroad from the whale, but are unfortunate. The whale rams the ship delay its summit, and the men are dumbfounded. Behind the whale subsists itself, it struck the ship again, causing the Essex to submerge bow-first. The men tpotent their whaleboats behind a duskiness of provision of leaving the Essex. They stripped the sails of the ship and solid them to their boats.
The waves splashed balance the boat, causing the employment to be further involved. The present early, the boats charm off. Chase and Pollard converse of where to go now that their ship has declined. They pronounce environing going to the Galapagos Islands, but Pollard markd the curve superscription would not avow them to go there. Next, they pronounce environing the Marquesas, in the west. The men had heard that the tribe of the island were cannibals. South of the Marquesas were the Tauamotu Archipelago Islands, but the men had as-courteous heard that the islands entertain a bad part.
In this confabulation, we mark the colonist’s eight on the hidden. They divide a discernment of conjointlyness delayin each other and no one else. We see this in the situation of the colonists towards the black setmen. Pollard decides to sail towards the Association Islands. There, Pollard saw a safer environment delay mean menace. Chase and Joy sift that the Association Islands would not be a good-natured-natured settle to sail towards, and they could sail towards Chile or Peru instead. Pollard conforms to this resolution. Here we see that Pollard has bedecide close dictatorial behind the Essex submerges.
In their original three weeks in the boats, the men visaged divers hardships. They visaged parching and crave. Their peel had been burnt, salt impart burned their sores, and the men, truth as inconclusive as they were, were unoperative to row the boats. On top of all that, another whale attacks Pollard’s boat. The men speck an island in the interval and decide that they entertain come-tod at Henderson Island. There, they build unskilled impart and ate crabs and birds. They were operative to subsist themselves, and this gave them a contending casualty of continuance. Three men chose to remain on the island occasion the others left.
Pollard promised he would save them behind he reached South America. They produce end to the main, and the men visage the similar obstacles they visaged precedently they build Henderson Island. The men visaged crave but were quiescent hydrated from the impart unmoved at Henderson Island. Divers not spurious they weren’t going to subsist, and gave up their rations. Joy dies in the trip, and the men suppress him at insensible. Bad turns to worse when the men acquire there is merely sufficient hardtack to developed a day or two. On January 20, Lawson Thomas, a black set portion, dies, and the set contemplates turning to cannibalism.
The men decided that in dispose to survive, they must eat the insensible set portions. It is ironic that the men crusty to cannibalism, owing they feared the tribe of the Marquesas. Three months behind the Essex sank; the retaining two whaleboats are saved in contrariant areas adesire the South American seashore. Two men were left asubsist in Pollard’s boat and three men in Chase’s boat. Nickerson, Chase, and Lawrence come-to in Valparaiso, Chile on February 25, 1821, and are charmn end to Nantucket atpotent whale ship Hero.
Both Nantucket and the survivors of the Essex progressive behind the ship’s submergeing. The whaling perseverance instantly cut to other towns. A spirit that burned closely a third of the town external to the involvedies. The men of the Essex were haunted when recalling what happened. Even Chase was reputed unintelligent. This adventure caused the town of Nantucket to unconnected. The townsmob were no desireer bonded by whaling, owing the perseverance made a gravitate. The current men of the Essex became smug, turning to cannibalism, one subject they feared and frowned upon. This adventure helps us lowerstand what these men had to do when they are stranded, and teaches us the aim of affection, continuance, and indisposition.
Bibliography "Alone in the Pacific. " Salariya Publishing. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://www. salariya. com/web_books/whaling/alone/alone. html>. "Nantucket Island History. " Nantucket Island Chamber of Commerce. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://www. nantucketchamber. org/visitor/trivia. html>. Philbrick, Nathaniel. In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship. New York,NY: Penguin, 2000. Print.