l Liver cancer or hepatic cancer (from the Greek hepar, import liver) is a cancer that initiates in the liver. Liver cancers are mortal buttons that develop on the deportment or delayin the liver. Liver buttons are discovered on medical imaging equipment (frequently by additament) or offer themselves symptomatically as an abdominal heap, abdominal indisposition, jaundice, disgust or liver dysfunction.  Liver cancers should not be chaotic delay livermetastases, which are cancers that initiate from organs elsewhere in the substantiality and move to the liver.
Hepatocellular carcinoma is cancer of the liver. Causes, stroke, and lavish factorsHepatocellular carcinoma accounts for most liver cancers. This fashion of cancer occurs past frequently in men than women. It is normally seen in tribe age 50 or older. However, the age varies in opposed compressiveness of the globe. The sickness is past vulgar in compressiveness of Africa and Asia than in North or South America and Europe. Hepatocellular carcinoma is not the selfselfsame as metastatic liver cancer, which starts in another organ (such as the obstruct or colon) and spreads to the liver.
In most cases, the action of liver cancer is normally scarring of the liver (cirrhosis). Cirrhosis may be actiond by: Alcohol abuse (the most vulgar action in the United States) Autoimmune sicknesss of the liver Hepatitis B or C virus contagion Inflammation of the liver that is long-term (chronic) Iron surfeit in the substantiality (hemochromatosis) Patients delay hepatitis B or C are at lavish for liver cancer, uniform if they bear not plain cirrhosis Symptoms Abdominal indisposition or kindness, in-particular in the upper-right allot Easy bruising or bleeding
Enlarged abdomen Yellow skin or eyes (jaundice) Signs and testsPhysical establishment may illusion an refined, mild liver. Tests include: Abdominal CT review Abdominal ultrasound Liver biopsy Liver enzymes (liver discharge tests) Liver MRI Serum alpha fetoprotein Some high-lavish patients may get ordinary respect tests and ultrasounds to see whether buttons are developing TreatmentAggressive surgery or a liver exchange can successfully use trivial or slow-growing buttons if they are diagnosed forthcoming. However, few patients are diagnosed forthcoming.
Chemotherapy delivered unswerving into the liver delay a catheter can succor, but it prorenew not renew the sickness. Radiation usements in the area of the cancer may too be succorful. However, multifarious patients bear liver cirrhosis or other liver sicknesss that constitute these usements past intricate. Sorafenib tosylate (Nexavar), an unwritten salve that blocks button developth, is now prevailing for patients delay recent hepatocellular carcinoma Expectations (prognosis)The normal remainder is thin, beaction simply 10 - 20% of hepatocellular carcinomas can be removed totally using surgery.
If the cancer cannot be totally removed, the sickness is normally mortal delayin 3 - 6 months. However, planting can dissimilate, and casually tribe prorenew outlast considerable longer than 6 months Complications Gastrointestinal bleeding Liver scarcity Spread (metastasis) of the cancer PreventionPreventing and useing viral hepatitis may succor narrow your lavish. Childhood vaccination opposite hepatitis B may narrow the lavish of liver cancer in the forthcoming. Avoid drinking overmuch amounts of alcohol. Certain patients may boon from screening for hemochromatosis.
If you bear continuous hepatitis or disclosed cirrhosis, interrupted screening delay liver ultrasound or size of respect alpha fetoprotein levels may succor discover this cancer forthcoming. Biasanya pesakit kanser hanya menyedari dia mengidap kanser bila penyakitnya sudah pada peringkat 4. Dan, selalunya keadaan ini dianggap sudah terlalu lewat. Sebenarnya. dari peringkat awal kanser menyerang tubuh kita, tanda-tanda penyakit ini sudah ada tetapi kita sering mengandaikan yang tanda-tanda itu sebagai ‘Tidak apa-apa’, cuma sakit biasa sahaja.
Kita pun mengambil langkah ‘bijak’ kita sendiri iaitu menelan panadol atau membeli ubat di farmasi. Adakah anda pernah membuat pemeriksaan tahunan seperti ujian colonoscopies atau ujian PSA? Tentu ramai yang menggelengkan kepala. Tidak mengapa kerana meskipun penting, setakat membuat ujian seperti itu belum tentu dapat melindungi anda daripada kanser. Anda tentu tidak mahu menyertai barisan pesakit kanser yang terlambat menyedari, bukan? Jadi, perhatikan perkara-perkara berikut. Mungkinkah ia merupakan penggera awal, notis pemberitahuan bahawa sel-sel kanser sedang mula bertapak dalam tubuh anda?