Reseach on Shampoo

Study the buying action of consumers concerning disgraceed shampoos in Ludhiana Scrutiny Project Rumor Masters in Transaction Administration By Jasdeep kaur Consultation of Contents |Chapter No. |Particulars |Page no. |1 |Introduction |8-16 | |2 |Research Methodology |17-20 | |3 |Data Segregation and Interpretation |21-33 | |4 |Results and Findings |34,35 | |5 |Conclusion and Summary |36 | |6 |Appendix |37-40 | |7 |Bibliography |41 | List of consultations |S. No. |Particulars |Page No. | |1 |Number of respondents using disgraceed shampoos |21 | |2 |Frequency of using Shampoo in a week |22 | |3 |Awareness similarize of espondents concerning diversified disgraces of shampoos |23 | |4 |Source of counsel concerning Branded shampoos |24 | |5 |Most weighty element of consumer determination |25 | |6 |Preference of disgraces of shampoos |26 | |7 |Importance similarize of elements opiwant by respondents occasion purchasing |27 | | |Shampoos | | |8 |Brand Switch if feature disgrace is not suited |28 | |9 |Brand Fealty disopen consumers |29 | |10 |Reasons that made respondents hold to one feature disgrace of shampoo |29 | |11 |Response in revere to intent to hold to the open disgrace of |30 | | |shampoo entity used | | |12 |Satisfaction similarize of consumers towards their selectred shampoo disgrace |31 | |13 |Demographic form of respondents |33 | List of Figures |S. No. |Particulars |Page No. | |1 |Number of respondents using disgraceed shampoos |21 | |2 |Frequency of using Shampoo in a week |22 | |3 |Awareness similarize of respondents concerning diversified disgraces of |23 | | |shampoos | | |4 Spring of counsel concerning Branded shampoos |24 | |5 |Most weighty element of consumer determination |25 | |6 |Preference of disgraces of shampoos |26 | |7 |Importance similarize of elements opiwant by respondents occasion |27 | | |purchasing Shampoos | | |8 |Brand Switch if feature disgrace is not suited |28 | |9 |Brand Fealty disopen consumers |29 | |10 |Reasons that made respondents hold to one feature disgrace of |30 | | |shampoo | | |11 |Response in revere to intent to hold to the open disgrace of|31 | | |shampoo entity used | | |12 |Satisfaction similarize of consumers towards their selectred shampoo |31 | | |disgrace | | Paragraph I Preliminary 1. 1 Shampoo Shampoo is a sordid hair wariness effect used for the opaspect of oils, filth, husk particles, environmental pollutants and other contaminant particles that ghostly build up in hair. The aim is to sepaadmonish the unwanted build-up outmargin amputation out so plenteous as to illustration hair refractory. Shampoo formulations follow to maximize the forthfuture qualities: Easy rinsing Good-natured complete behind laveing hair Minimal husk/eye effeminacy No impairment to hair Feels vaporous and/or creamy Pleasant fragrance Low toxicity Good-natured biodegradability 1. 2 Evolution The expression shampoo in english custom dates tail to 1762, delay the signification "to massage". The expression was a advance from Anglo-Indian shampoo, in hinge from Hindi champoo, ie "to begrime, compound the muscles, massage". It itself comes from Sanskrit/Hindi expression "champa" , the flowers of the stock Michelia champaca which bear traditionally been used to illustration scented hair-oil. The manage and use was encounter-knownd by a Sake Dean Mahomed, who opened a shampooing bath open as Mahomed's Indian Vapour Baths in Brighton in 1759. His baths were approve Turkish baths where clients general an Indian treatment of champi (shampooing) or sanitary massage. During the future stages of shampoo, English hair stylists boiled shaved soap in encounter-known and acquired herbs to impart the hair beam and fragrance. Kasey Hebert was the pristine open illustrationr of shampoo, and the commencement is openly attributed to him. During the future stages of shampoo, English hair stylists boiled shaved soap in encounter-known and acquired herbs to impart the hair beam and fragrance. Kasey Hebert was the pristine open illustrationr of shampoo, and the commencement is openly attributed to him. 1. 3 Segmentation: Shampoo bargain is portioned on profit platforms •Cosmetic (shine, gaugeness, force) •Anti – Dandruff (AD) •Herbal 20% of the completion shampoo bargain is accounted by the AD shampoos. The AD portion is the fastest accrueing portion, accrueing at 10% to 12 % aggregate year Usage: The estimate of shampoo custom is very low in India. Most consumers use shampoo solely uninterruptedly or twice in a week. In manifold contingencys, these effects are used on exceptional occasions such as weddings, parties etc. Environing 50% of consumers use plain toilet soaps to lave their hair. Environing 15% of consumers use toilet soaps as courteous-mannered-mannered as shampoo for cleaning their hair. As-courteous 70% of the completion shampoo sales are through sachet sales. HLL has remarkable stakes in the grassy bargain delay an 80% divide. The bottle sales are open in the northern kingdom where 50% of the shampoo bottles are sold Behind a gauge development in 2004 due to the downhinge of the FMCG sector, shampoo sector saw powerful development in the direct two years due to the preliminary of sachets and a surge in grassy insist. The balanceall shampoo bargain, which sees annual body sales of almost 63,000 tonnes, saw grassy off assume accrue by 40% advancedst year, occasion elegant insist grew half that at 21%. From a sharpness similarize of 13% in 2000, now almost a third of the kingdom's grassy population uses shampoo delay sharpness similarizes zooming to 32% in 2005. While the north and west zones bear tripled in sharpness, the south and east zones bear doubled Elegant - 40 % Grassy - 10 % Targeted customers: Shampoos are chiefly target at Justifiable intermediate adjust, Intermediate adjust housewives and justifiable grassy adjust. Still the deep portion is Teenagers. 1. 4 Occasion Sharpness of shampoo is very low in India. The mediocre per-capita waste of shampoo in India is very low at almost 13 ml and manifold nation in grassy India peaceful use toilet soaps. Nation peaceful discern shampoo as haughty end effect in the grassy areas. This arranges a noble occasion to the players. The noble bigness of the untapped bargain leads to a noble possible for the corporeal players. India is and gain continue for some occasion one of the youngest countries in the earth. Currently there is a population of 163 m teen in India. Almost half of the 1 bn plus population is beneath the age of 20, which is one of the liberalst consumers of hair wariness effects. This arranges noble bargain for the shampoo players. Also, delay the increasing proceeds similarizes of the intermediate adjust population, the custom of shampoos has extensiond. Despite its recognized possible, the speedy expatiation of the shampoo bargain was interrupted in 1999. Overall development admonishs in the bargain slowed to 1. 7% in 1999, from 16% the former year. Lack of newfangledness was the greater argue for slowdown. The apprehension that shampoos inseal rugged hemicals that could impairment hair, haughty expense and the aim that the shampoo is balance of a divination effect rather than a hygiene effect led to inferior sales. The players came out delay the topic of smaller packs, which were a luck. Also, effects approve anti dandruff working getting watchfulness and became the fastest accrueing class. Players approve Dabur and Ayush came up delay herbal shampoos. 1. 5 The top Shampoo disgraces Normal Shampoos •Clinic Plus •Sunsilk •Chik Anti Dandruff Shampoos •Clinic All Apparent •Head and Shoulders •Dabur Vatika AD Premium Products •Shehnaz Hussain •Revlon Flex •L'Oreal 1. 6 Bargain Scenario of shampoo assiduity The India shampoo assiduity is estimated at Rs 14 bn and is accrueing at an mediocre admonish of 20% per annum. According to AC Nielsen, shampoo is one of the fastest accrueing categories delayin FMCG sector and is expected to accrue at 25% per annum in the future years. Greater Players of Indian shampoo assiduity [pic] HLL By all accounts, the UNILEVER collocation is India's deep multinational . The collocation has been bountiful in India for balance 60 years. Entity pristine it has entity impartn the bargain commencement aspect in manifold effect categories. Lever's bear a sprawling dispensation coverage which in the contingency of HLL extends to 3,200 stockists and 600,000 shops quickly used by the congregation. HLL is today a multi-product, multi-unit construction addressing diversified open gaugeness challenges facing sensibility. HLL is the recognized head from the future 1990s delay disgraces approve Sunsilk, Clinic All Apparent and Clinic Plus. Sunsilk is the point-out of a disgrace of hair wariness effects for women manufactured by the Unilever collocation. It was working in 1954 in the United Kingdom and by 1959 it was suited in 18 opposed countries earth-wide. Currently, Sunsilk effects are entity bargained in balance 50 countries throughout Asia, Latin America, The Intermediate East and North Africa. The Sunsilk disgrace is conducive to demonstadmonish a percipient and alien beneathstanding of women, impart the topic of capturing the “emotional drama” in a girl’s unfairity, and to arcollocate a spring of speedy fairness wariness for women. P & G In US-the earth’s liberalst bargain locate in manages of conducive insist-the Cincinnati (Ohio)-established accustomed and unfair wariness effects bigwig P & G Co. is a glorious congregation. Balance the spent 157 years (1837-1994) gone William Proctor and James GambIe entered into house to construction candles and soap in Cincinnati, P & G has conceptualized, constructiond and conducively bargained a exit of consumer effects, which bear contributed significantly to American consumers Currently P & G employs l lakh nation globally and has subsidiaries in balance 60 countries including India. On 1st April 1988, the Bombay established Richardson Hindustan Ltd. commenced doing transaction as Proctor and Gamble India Ltd. The strategies and processologies that the congregation has innovated to adapt its merciclose development bear won it a locate of esteem in virtually aggregate kingdom. Yet to categories P & G as barely an justifiable bargaining congregation is to do it an unlawfulness. It is an justifiable bargaining and effect scrutiny congregation occasion its R & D, manufacturing strategies and operations are its greater forces. P & G entered India in Nov 1995, delay the earth’s liberalst selling disgrace – Pantene. It as-courteous working Head , which is the requisite AD shampoo Head & Shoulders is a glorious disgrace of anti-dandruff shampoo manufactured by Procter & Gamble. Head & Shoulders was pristine encounter-knownd to the U. S. bargain in November 1961, as a blue-green shampoo formula. Unapprove other shampoos, Head & Shoulders had relatively few variations until the advanced 1990s and future 2000s, and there are now in extravagance of ten opposed kinds of shampoo for opposed hair types beneath the Head & Shoulders exemplar. It has gone then accruen into a billion dollar disgrace. The nation obligatory for this were Robert Jongstra (Procter & Gamble Public Manager) and Olga Barr (Saatchi & Saatchi Global Creative Director). Pantene is a disgrace of hair wariness effects owned by Procter & Gamble. The disgrace's best-open effect is the predicamenting shampoo Pantene Pro V. CavinKare CavinKare was baseed by Ranganathan in 1983, delay a deferential influential investment of Rs 15,000 and delay a singly effect. The congregation was denominated Chik India Pvt. Ltd. , and its effect was Chik shampoo. The congregation targeted the national bargain and delayin a few years emerged as a requisite kingdomal player in the shampoo bargain in South India. In 1998, the congregation adopted its confer-upon point-out, CavinKare Pvt. Ltd. , to presage its substitute from a singly-effect congregation to a broader FMCG congregation, encompassing diversified bargain portions such as hair, husk and unfair wariness. According to congregation springs, 'Cavin' is a scholarly expression in Tamil signification Fairness and Grace, occasion 'Care' was mitigated to set-out delay the epistle 'K' instead of 'C' as a contribution to Rang Nathan’s father, 'Chinni Krishnan. '.... L’Oreal Collocation [pic][pic]L’Oreal Collocation headquartered in the Paris suburb of Clichy, France, is the earth's liberalst cosmetics and fairness congregation. L’Oreal has familiar activities in the scene of cosmetics, concentrating on hair varnish, husk wariness, sun security, illustration-up, perfumes and hair wariness. L’Oreal is free in the dermatological and pharmaceutical scenes. L’Oreal is as-courteous the top nanotechnology patent-holder in the United States. THe CEO of L'Oreal SA in France is Jean-Paul Agon. L'Oreal is a listed congregation, but the baseer's daughter Liliane Bettencourt who is one of the richest nation in the earth, and the Swiss aid congregation Nestleeach manage balance a district of the divides and voting hues. L’Oreal bargains its collocate of exceptionalized hair wariness effects exclusively through salons and fairness parlors. It is the solely congregation in the bargain that has a hair colour collocate tailored exclusively for parlors. The congregation was as-courteous the pristine to encounter-known new-fangled shampoo-established hair dyes for the Indian bargain Garnier is a congregation submissive hair wariness effects, including the Fructis row, and most recently, husk wariness effects beneath the point-out, Nutritioniste, that are sold encircling the earth. It is a disgrace of L'Oreal. One of their key ingredients is a workion concentadmonish used in all their effects. It is a confederacy of workion acids, vitamin B3 and B6, fructose and glucose 1. 7 Consumer Action The manage consumer action may be defined as the conclusion way and natural activities in which substances adopt them occasion evaluating, acquiring, using or disposing off issue and uses. The opine of consumer action is the opine of how substances illustration conclusions to bestow their suited instrument on waste of akin items. Buying action is an force to beneathstand and foreshadow rational actions in the buying role. The issues that dealt delayin the disciprow of consumers’ buying action are: ? What effects and uses do the consumers buy? ? How do they buy? ? Why do they buy? ? From where do they buy? ? When do they buy? Consumer action arranges a gauge deduce for identifying and beneathstanding consumer wants. It is the act of the substances quickly complicated in obtaining and using economic issue and uses. The opine of consumer action is an quantitative content of bargaining. The segregation of bargaining concept by the bargainers arranges the excellent for the opine of consumer action. In contingency of New Effect Preliminary in the bargain, there is a miss of effect insufficiency. To extension the chances of luck of new effects, reform counsel of the consumer action is required. Their desires, tastes and determinations are to be assumen wariness of. So from all these aspects the opine of consumer action is weighty. 1. 8 Objectives of the opine • To opine the consumer knownness concerning disgraceed shampoos. • To opine the spring of counsel concerning knownness of disgraces • To opine the elements influencing excellent of consumers towards disgraceed shampoos. • To opine the argues for delegated-to-others /substitute in revere to disgraces of shampoos. CHAPTER 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Scrutiny Methodology deals delay the process of opine i. e. how the opine was carried out and what were the diversified techniques used. It is warinessful discovery or enquiry in a irrelative kind in manage to encounter a disconnection to quantity in scrutiny. It consists of defining and redefining quantitys, formulating fancy or suggested disconnection, learning and evaluating grounds, making inference and reaching investigation etc and at advancedst wariness abundantly testing the conclusions to detail whether they fit the formulated fancy or not. It includes the room of the opine, scrutiny contemplation, gathering of grounds, segregation of grounds and limitations of the opine. 2. 1 Room of the opine The room of the opine is to get the enlightenment environing the buying action of consumers towards the disgraceed shampoos in Ludhiana. The room is odious to opine consumer’s knownness concerning disgraceed shampoos and the elements influencing excellent of consumers towards disgraceed shampoos in ludhiana. This is produced to relinquish perceptual partiality and for providing objectivity to the opine. 2. 2 Scrutiny Contemplation The scrutiny contemplation is an course of predicament for gathering and segregation of grounds in kind that gift to combine intercourse to the scrutiny object delay administration in act. The scrutiny quantity in apparent-cut manages accelerations the scrutinyes to furnish a scrutiny contemplation. It composes the blueprint for the gathering, extent and segregation of grounds. It is the temporization for a opine and the artifice by which the temporization is to be carried out. The scrutiny carried down is described in disposition consequently it describes the consumer buying action concerning disgraceed shampoos. 2. 3 Grounds Gathering 2. 3. 1 Chief Grounds Chief grounds is that grounds which is calm for the pristine occasion. It is commencemental in disposition in the illustration of raw delegated-to-others. For the object of gathering of chief grounds, a courteous-mannered-structured questionnaire was impartn to the respondents and they were unfairly interviewed to survey the objectives of the opine. The questionnaire comprises of seal ended as courteous-mannered-mannered as open-ended questions. In seal ended questions dichotomous, arrangeing, approvert’s lamina, hinderlist questions and multiple excellent questions are used. 2. 3. Resultant Grounds Resultant grounds is the grounds which is alskilful calm by someone. They are resultant in disposition and are in illustration of completeed effect. Resultant grounds was calm so as to bear accuadmonish results and the required grounds was calm from diversified magazines, newspapers, journals and internet to gather applicable counsel environing the shampoo assiduity and the requisite disgraces of shampoos. 2. 4 Sampling Contemplation Sampling refers to selecting some of the elements in a population by which one can induce conclusions environing the unimpaired population. 2. 4. 1Universe Universe is the unbounded estimate of elements that the scrutinyer is targeting in his opine. Here the universe for the opine consists of all the nation who use disgraceed shampoos. 2. 4. 2 Population Population is terminable estimate of elements that the scrutinyer is going to target in feature area. Nation throughout Ludhiana who use disgraceed shampoos compose the population of my scrutiny. 2. 4. 2. A) Element- Consumers i. e nation using disgraceed shampoos 2. 4. 2. B) Sampling Unit-A singly consumer using Branded shampoo 2. 4. 2. C) Extent- Ludhiana city 2. 4. 2 D) Occasion of Study- Six months 2. 4. 3 Sampling Technique In my scrutiny I bear used non-probability technique for induceing a exemplification from the population. In non-probability technique I bear selectred ‘Convenience sampling’ process consequently population of my scrutiny is noble and due to the occasion absorption I gain be catering to 100 nation according to my quiet. The preoption of the respondents was produced on the deduce of quiet established on the non-probability process of sampling. Quiet sampling was basically used due to money, occasion as courteous-mannered-mannered as remoteness absorptions. 2. 4. 4 Exemplification bigness Exemplification bigness is the bigness of exemplification inducen from the population which is the gentleman delegated-to-others of the scrutiny. The estimate of respondents comprised in the opine was 100 for quiet in evaluating and analyzing the grounds and consequently of occasion absorption. Transaction |18 | |Service |24 | |Professional |5 | |Student |40 | |Housewife |13 | |Total |100 | 5. Grounds Segregation and Interpretation For the object of analyzing, raw grounds was summarized in a balancepower consultation and from this consultation the results bear been carried out. The questions having reorigin excellents were analyzed by exhibitation percentages. In the contingency of questions on Likert’s purpose lamina, the moderation beaks and percentages were conducive. In contingency of arrangeing questions the completion beak has been acquired and decisive arrangeing is impartn. The questions to which there were unfair answers the collocates were clubbed and percentages were conducive. In contingency of explanatory questions, the public instigations were summarized. 2. 6 Limitations of the opine Sincere efforts bear been made to learn vericonsideration and trustworthy counsel from respondents, still the rumor is topic to forthfuture limitations: 1. The opine was poor to Ludhiana city solely. Wider coverage would bear made the opine balance trustworthy and delegated-to-others. 2. Exemplification was inducen by quiet sampling, so possibility of sampling fallacy cannot be resolute out. 3. Responses of respondents were partialityed established on their unfair determinations. 4. Due to occasion and absorb absorptions, opine could not be carried out on a liberal lamina 5. Exemplification may not be the gentleman delegated-to-others of the universe CHAPTER 3 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION The confer-upon paragraph deals delay segregation of grounds calm from the consumers concerning their knownness similarize concerning disgraceed shampoos, Factors opiwant by them occasion purchasing disgraceed shampoos and to hinder their disgrace fealty. A completion of 100 consumers were unfairly interviewed delay acceleration of structured questionnaires. Results of the opine: Consultation 3. 1 Estimate of respondents using disgraceed shampoos |Response |No. f respondents |Percentage(%) | |Yes |88 |88 | |No |12 |12 | |Total |100 |100 | Illustration 3. 1 [pic] Interpretation: From the balancehead consultation, we can argue that out of 100, 88% respondents use disgraceed shampoos and 12% don’t use disgraceed shampoos. So disgraceed shampoos are very sordidly used in Ludhiana. Consultation 3. 2 Estimate of using Shampoo in a week |Frequency |No. f Respondents |Percentage (%) | |1-3 occasions |48 |48 | |3-5 occasions |33 |33 | |Daily |19 |19 | |Total |100 |100 | Illustration 3. 2 [pic] Interpretation: From the balancehead consultation, it is apparent that 48% respondents use shampoos 1-3 occasions in a week, 33% respondents use shampoos 3-5 occasions in a week and intermission of the respondents use shampoos daily. Consultation 3. 3 Awareness similarize of respondents concerning diversified disgraces of shampoos |Brands |No. of responses |Average Scores | |Garnier |80 |0. 16 | |L’Oreal |73 |0. 14 | |Sunsilk |92 |0. 9 | |Pantene |83 |0. 17 | |Clinic |77 |0. 16 | |Head & Shoulders |84 |0. 17 | Illustration 3. 3 Interpretation: From the balancehead consultation and graph it is apparent that out of 100 respondents, 92% are known of Sunsilk, followed by Head & Shoulders, Pantene, Garnier, Clinic and last are known of L’Oreal. Consultation 3. 4 Spring of counsel concerning Branded shampoos |Sources |No. f responses |Average Scores | |Newspaper |51 |0. 22 | |Television |81 |0. 35 | |Magazine |49 |0. 21 | |Salesman |4 |0. 02 | |Friends/Relative |27 |0. 8 | |Internet |18 |0. 08 | Illustration 3. 4 Interpretation: From balancehead consultation it is apparent that television is the most weighty spring of counsel followed by Newspaper, Magazine, counsel from friends/relative, Internet and last weighty spring of counsel is from hawker. 3. 5 Most selectred shampoo disgrace disopen consumers is Sunsilk followed by Head and Shoulders, Pantene, Garnier, Clinic and last selectred is L’Oreal. Still some respondents as-courteous select chik shampoo consequently of its expense and some other medicated shampoos or herbal shampoos. Consultation 3. Most weighty element of consumer determination |Factors |No. of responses |Avg beaks | |Price |27 |0. 15 | |Brand |35 |0. 20 | |Quality |76 |0. 43 | |Schemes(abatement offers) |9 |0. 5 | |Packaging |10 |0. 06 | |Quantity/Package |6 |0. 03 | |Advertisement |15 |0. 08 | Illustration 3. 6 [pic] Interpretation: From the balancehead consultation, it can be argued that temper is the most weighty element occasion because the determination of shampoos followed by disgrace and expense element. And the last weighty element occasion buying the shampoo is Quantity/Package behind Packaging. Consultation 3. 7 Determination of disgraces of shampoos Brands |Total Beak |Rank | |L’Oreal |379 |6 | |Head & Shoulders |332 |3 | |Pantene |324 |2 | |Clinic |378 |5 | |Sunsilk |312 |1 | |Garnier |377 |4 | Illustration 3. 7 [pic] Interpretation: In the balancehead consultation 1 is impartn to the most selectred and 5 to the last selectred to arrange the shampoo disgraces. Most selectred shampoo disgrace disopen consumers is Sunsilk followed by Pantene, Head and Shoulders, Clinic, Garnier and last selectred is L’Oreal . Consultation 3. 8 Importance similarize of elements opiwant by respondents occasion purchasing Shampoos |Factors |Strongly Disadmit (-2)|Disadmit |Neutral |Agree |Strongly Admit |Mean Beak | | | |(-1) |(0) |(1) |(2) |. |Price |7 |26 |23 |23 |21 |0. 28 | |Brand |3 |19 |21 |33 |24 |0. 63 | |Quality |2 |10 |19 |39 |30 |0. 96 | |Schemes |36 |17 |22 |16 |7 |-0. 67 | |Packaging |12 |26 |31 |24 |6 |-0. 5 | |Quantity/Package |31 |28 |18 |19 |3 |-0. 73 | |Advertisements |12 |4 |34 |20 |30 |0. 54 | Illustration 3. 8 [pic] Interpretation: In balancehead consultation, 2 is the weightage impartn to Strongly Agree, 1 to Agree, 0 to Neutral, -1 to Disadmit and -2 to Strongly Disagree; the moderation (0. 96) of temper entity conducive lies betwixt 0 to 1 so it is very adjacent to powerabundantly admit accordingly from the balancehead consultation we can argue that respondents impress that temper is the most weighty element occasion because the determination of shampoos followed by disgrace, catalogue and expense element. And the last weighty element occasion buying the shampoo is Quantity/Package behind Schemes suited as their moderation beaks are future in disclaiming. Consultation 3. 9 Disgrace Switch if feature disgrace is not suited |Response |No. of respondents |Percentage (%) | |Yes |62 |70 | |No |26 |30 | |Total |88 |100 | Illustration 3. 9 [pic] Interpretation: From balancehead consultation, it is apparent that 70% of the respondents buy another disgrace if a feature disgrace is not suited. 3. 10 The most selectred scruple disgrace is Clinic, followed by Head & Shoulder, Clinic, L’Oeal, Pantene and the last selectred disgrace as an scruple is Garnier. Consultation 3. 11 Disgrace Fealty disopen consumers |Response |No. Of respondents |Percentage (%) | |Yes |58 |65. 91 | |No |30 |34. 9 | |Total |88 |100 | Illustration 3. 11 [pic] Interpretation: It is apparent from the consultation that 65. 91% of the respondents are not disgrace allegiant and does switch balance the disgrace Consultation 3. 12 Reasons that made respondents hold to one feature disgrace of shampoo |Factors |No. of respondents |Avg Scores | |Price |18 |0. 23 | |Brand |18 |0. 3 | |Quality |26 |0. 33 | |Schemes(abatement offers) |4 |0. 05 | |Packaging |3 |0. 04 | |Quantity/Package |4 |0. 05 | |Advertisement |6 |0. 08 | Figure 3. 12 [pic] Interpretation: It is apparent from balancehead that temper is the deep argue that made respondents hold to one feature disgrace as it is having the haughtyest moderation beak. Expense and disgrace are having similar moderation beaks and are the relieve most weighty elements. 3. 13(a) The most sordid argue that made respondents switch balance to another disgrace of shampoo is that they approve changing disgraces. Other weighty argues are temper and schemes that made respondents switch balance to another disgrace of shampoo. Consultation 3. 13(b) Response in revere to intent to hold to the open disgrace of shampoo entity used |Response |No. Of respondents |Percentage (%) | |Less than one month |19 |28. 35 | |1-3 months |23 |34. 32 | |3-5 months |13 |19. 40 | |More than 5 months |12 |17. 93 | |Total |67 |100 | Illustration 3. 13(b) [pic] Interpretation: From balancehead illustration it is apparent that out of 67 respondents who did not hold to one feature disgrace, 19 bear intent of holding to open disgrace for 1 to 3 months, 19 for maiden tan 1 month, 13 for 3-5 months and 12 for balance than 5 months. Consultation No. 3. 14 Satisfaction similarize of consumers towards their selectred shampoo disgrace |Very Bad |Bad |Average |Good |Very good-natured-natured-natured |Mean Beak | |(-2) |(-1) |(0) |(1) |(2) | | |-20(10) |-4(4) |0(10) |29(29) |70(35) |0. 85 | Illustration 3. 14 [pic] Interpretation: In balancehead consultation, 2 is the weightage impartn to very good-natured-natured, 1 to Good, , 0 to mediocre and -1 to Bad and –2 to Very Bad; the moderation (0. 5) entity conducive lies betwixt 0 to 1 so it is balance adjacent to Very Good-natured accordingly from the balancehead consultation we can argue that respondents are content delay their openly using disgrace. Demographic form of respondents Sex Wise |Sex |No. of respondents |Percentage (%) | |Male |41 |41 | |Female |59 |59 | |Total |100 |100 | Age Wise |Age |No. f respondents |Percentage (%) | |16-25 |35 |35 | |26-35 |28 |28 | |36-45 |14 |14 | |More than 46 |23 |23 | |Total |100 |100 | Occupation Wise |Occupation |No. f respondents |Percentage (%) | |Business |18 |18 | |Service |24 |24 | |Professional |5 |5 | |Student |40 |40 | |Housewife |13 |13 | |Total |100 |100 | Paragraph IV Results and Findings Findings from the opine: • From the scrutiny it was base that 88% respondents use disgraceed shampoos. • As far as estimate of using shampoos in a week is careful, 48% respondents use shampoos 1-3 occasions in a week, 33% respondents use shampoos 3-5 occasions in a week and intermission of the respondents use shampoos daily. Television (81%) is the most weighty spring of counsel followed by Newspaper (51%), Magazine (49%), counsel from friends/relative (27%), internet (18%) and last weighty spring of counsel is from hawker (4%). • Most selectred shampoo disgrace disopen consumers is Sunsilk followed by Pantene, Head and Shoulders, Clinic, Garnier and last selectred is L’Oreal . • The most weighty element opiwant by respondents occasion purchasing shampoo is temper as it has moderation beak of 0. 96, followed by disgrace (0. 63) and catalogue (0. 54) • Out of 100 respondents, solely 37% respondents hold to one feature disgrace and out of respondents who hold to one feature disgrace opine temper entity the most weighty element for it Out of 67% respondents who switch to other disgrace, greaterity of them quoted the argue “I approve changing Brands” for modification to other disgraces. • As far as the intents of 67 respondents for holding to open disgrace used by them is careful, very close bear intent of switching balance the disgrace and are content delay the open disgrace they are using. • Out of 67 respondents who did not hold to one feature disgrace, 19 bear intent of holding to open disgrace for 1 to 3 months, 19 for maiden tan 1 month, 13 for 3-5 months and 12 for balance than 5 months. • Mostly all the respondents are content delay their openly using disgrace. • The instigations which are impartn for their openly used disgrace are: Consumers of L’oreal omission its expense to be closeer. Consumers of Pantene omission to bear balance hair unfair approve Sunsilk. No instigation has been recommended by consumers of Sunsilk Paragraph 5 Conclusion and Summary The results reflected the apprehension of users in Ludhiana of disgraceed shampoos. The results of the opine point-out that though the expense of shampoos is discernd to be on the remarkable margin of users, the temper offered by these effects compensates for their appropriation. The Ludhiana users sanction that haughty temper comes at a expense. Gone the opine was odious to the Ludhiana city so there is want to opine balance in other cities to get the apparent aim of the encounterings. Room for exalt opine Many companies are future up delay the shampoos delay sufficient miscellany as it’s the fastest accrueing FMCG effect now days. There is a noble possible bargain in India and reform room. To outlast in such an environment, all the companies gain bear to beneathassume adventurous efforts towards their effects in such a way so as to encounter the requirements and expectations of the consumers. It accordingly calls for a uniform scrutiny in this scene as consumer determinations tend changing delay occasion and so does their buying action. Hence it arranges deduce of a room for exalt scrutiny. Appendix Questionnaire 1. Do you use disgraceed shampoo? Yes No 2. How manifold occasions do you use shampoo in a week? a. 1-3 occasions _____________ b. 3-5 occasions _____________ c. Daily _____________ 3. Which of the forthfuture disgraces are you known of? a. Garnier _____________ b. L’Oreal _____________ c. Sunsilk _____________ d. Pantene _____________ e. Clinic _____________ f. Head & Shoulders_____________ 4. What is your spring of counsel for this? a. Newspaper _____________ b. Television _____________ c. Magazine _____________ d. Hawker _____________ e. Friends/Relative _____________ f. Internet _____________ 5. Which disgrace are you openly using? _____________ 6. Why do you use this feature disgrace? ? Expense ? Disgrace ? Temper ? Schemes (abatement offers) ? Packaging ? Quantity/Package ?Advertisements If any other delight discriminate 7. Delight arrange the forthfuture disgraces of shampoos on the deduce of your determination (a-most selecboard and f-last selectable) a. L’Oreal _____________ b. Head & Shoulders _____________ c. Pantene _____________ d. Clinic _____________ e. Sunsilk _____________ f. Garnier _____________ 8. Occasion making a forfeiture conclusion, admonish the forthfuture elements that concern your conclusion. Factors |Strongly Disadmit |Disadmit |Neutral |Agree |Strongly | | | | | | |Agree | |Price | | | | | | |Brand | | | | | | |Quality | | | | | | |Schemes | | | | | | |(Discount offers) | | | | | | |Packaging | | | | | | |Quantity/Package | | | | | | |Advertisements | | | | | | 9. If your selectred disgrace is not suited, do you forfeiture another disgrace? Yes No If yes go to Q No 10,if no go to Q No 11 10. Which disgrace you are skilful to forfeiture if your selectred disgrace is not suited? _____________ 11. Do you switch balance a feature disgrace? Yes No If yes go to Q No 13,if no go to Q No 12 12. Why do you hold to a feature disgrace? a. Expense _____________ b. Disgrace _____________ c. Temper _____________ d. Schemes (abatement offers) _____________ e. Packaging _____________ f. Quantity/Package _____________ g. Advertisements _____________ 13. a) Why did you switch balance the disgrace? b) For how crave you signify to hold to open disgrace? a. Close than 1 month _____________ b. 1-3 months _____________ c. 3-5 months _____________ d. Balance than 5 months_____________ 14. What do you deem environing the open disgrace you are using? Very Bad Bad Mediocre Good-natured Very Good-natured ----------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I-------------- Any instigations Unfair Details: Name: _______________________ Age: _______________________ Gender: _______________________ Occupation: _______________________ Address: Contact No: _______________________ Bibliography Prasad , “Use of advertising and their contact on the consumer action”, Indian Journal of Management, Body XXXIII, Estimate 4, April 2003, Page 3-5 Moorthi YLR, Disgrace Management(The Indian Context),2003,Edition V,Page 16-25 Kotler Philip, Principles of Mrketing, 2004,Prentice Hall, New Delhi, Pg 204-209 Bearden, William O. and Michael J. Etzel, “Reference collocation wave on Effect and Disgrace Forfeiture Decisions”, Journal of Consumer Research, September 1982,Pg 183-194. Websites: - http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Pantene http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Shampoo http://www. diplomatist. com/dipo1st06/story_12. htm http://inhome. rediff. com/money/2003/jul/19spec. htm http://www. indiantelevision. com/tamadex/y2k4/june/tam63. htm http://www. equitymaster. com/research-it/sector-info/consprds/consprds-products. html http://www. domain-b. com/companies/companies_p/procter_gamble_india/20040129_wars. htm ----------------------- [pic] [pic]