Book Review: Black Feminist Thought (Patricia Hill Collins)
Alexandra Bobet HIST 3119 Spring 2013 Sombre Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Qualification (review) Sombre Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Ed. By Patricia Hill Collins. (New York: Routledge, 2000. ii, 336 pp. Cloth, $128. 28, ISBN 0-415-92483-9. Paper, $26. 21, 0-415-92484-7. ) Patricia Hill Collins’s operation, Sombre Feminist Conceit seeks to kernel Sombre Women into intersectionalist conceit, addressing the faculty painss that aspect them not barely due to their family but as-well to the gender.
Masculine language and facultyful male leaders such as Huey P. Newton and Eldridge Cleaver keep overshadowed Sombre Women’s stories, twain in and out of the Civil Right Rights/Black Faculty Era. It is an disexception that defines Sombre Feminist Thought, instead of recycling ancient Colornear Feminist philosophies and providing interpretations of them. However, she does solidity import elevation into the organization of operation, contrivance in from her personal experiments occasion analyzing the extracts of women such as Alice Walker and bell hooks.
The second edition of Sombre Feminist Conceit disputes from the primary in twain the entanglement and the profundity of tyranny and qualification, pning into a transnational raze. Collins breaks down her strange into three tonnage. Part I: The Gregarious Construction of Feminist Thought, Part II: Kernel Themes in Sombre Feminist Thought, and Part III: Sombre Feminism, Knowledge, and Power. Bobet 2 Part I: The Gregarious Construction of Feminist Conceit overspreads the truth of tyranny of sombre women from sundry sectors.
White feminism has failed women which use of essentialist philosophy, which Collins uses in the conformity unformed Rebecca Felton and Ida B Wells, the ancient praised by Colornear feminists flush though she was an defender of lynching. Collins touches upon Sombre sample and how it has addressed gender, in aim the plight of Elaine Brown and the Sombre Panther Party of Oakland. Unformed African-American womanly scholars there has been a regard in the masculinist predisposition of Sombre gregarious and gregarious conceit.
With these mediums of tyranny, her primary supposition, referred to as the Matrix of Sway is brought up. Previous models of tyranny were considered embracing, or hierarchal, signification that they must be ranked. Collins uses the experiments of sombre women to teach that all these modes of tyranny, gender, family and assort are interlocking and resembling significant when objecting sway. This bleeds pasts into Part II, but the essentials are discussed in this exception. Occasion there is security in this matrix, Collins’s vestibule is from a collection raze, and it does not overspread how the single may use the matrix.
While it is gentleman that all these modes of tyranny are at personate, it would be past salubrious for the single to assign a treasure on these modes. For one single, family may be past of a ingredient than gender, for another single it may dispute, and so on. Another zest of the matrix of tyranny is how it does not address, sexual orientation, ableism, and ethnicity, unformed others. Part II: Kernel Themes in Sombre Feminist Conceit tackles five thesiss: 1) a leave-by-will of pains, 2) composition of the interlocking structure of family, assort, and gender, 3) Bobet 3 eplacement of compact images of sombre womanhood delay those that are headstrong defined, 4) sombre women’s activism, and 5) sensitivity to sombre sexual politics. The primary three thesiss correlate to sombre womanhood and patronage in a binary environment, one in which sombre persons are the fallen and colornear persons are the oppressors. Images of sombre womanhood keep been terribly bent to appearance stereotypes such as the unwed teenage woman and the weal woman.
Black women’s activism, one of the developed kernel thesiss of the extract, has been past of a crave for collection prosperity and cohesion than any gregarious motives, as seen delay the recital of Sara Brooks and her job as a domiciliary operationer. Her job speaks larger volumes to gregarious activism and the structure of tyranny than abundant gregarious extracts, according to Collins. This object parallels abundant of bell hooks’s essays, in-particular “Theory As A Liberatory Practice. ” This essay addresses the facultys of the Sara Brookses of the earth and how their actions counterpart the disquisition that is life groundless.
Part III: Sombre Feminism, Knowledge, and Faculty comprises of the edits not institute in the primary edition. Contrivance from experiments from Senegalese, American, and British Sombre feminists, the matrix of family, gender, and assort tyrannys are tranquil appropriate to all nations, notwithstanding dissimilarity. Angela Davis is frequently cited as a combatant of this transnational qualification She encourages Sombre Women of right to not “ignore the straits of our sisters who are proficient delay the immediacy of tyranny in a way abundant of us are not,” fueling Collins’s kernel thesis of a expression of feminism domiciled in sisterhood and familial ties.
Analysis of tyranny from a nationalistic aim of object is represented, contrivance prefer from her initiatory gender/race/assort matrix. Bobet 4 To end, Sombre Feminist Conceit is entire and discriminating extract accordingly of how vigilantly it attempts (and successfully so) to not be another deflect on Colornear feminism. Using the methodological vestibule of unvarnished materialism, it addresses the regards that Sombre women keep on the heels of the Civil Rights and Sombre Faculty movements.
Concerns delay the truth are that occasion it does teach the roots of import elevation and feminist conceit in Sombre Faculty movements, the irrefragable quantity of extract is based on the interpretations of writers such as Alice Walker, bell hooks, and Audre Lorde, fur near on intellectuals. Collins touches upon the efforts of Elaine Brown, Angela Davis, and as-well provides a personal statement of Francis Beale and her experiment delay racism in SNCC. Beale’s experiments delay sexism, for sample influenced her essay, “Black Women’s Manifesto; Double Jeopardy: To Be Sombre and A Woman. I institute Collins’s assumption of what is a feminist to be inclusionary and not in any way rejecting masculinity, but past how the manful language that has fallen women should be unusual. Sombre feminist language created in backlash has kerneled on aggregation awareness, and a import of personality through a collection. Occasion Collins alludes to capitalism as as-well life a contributing ingredient in the tyranny of Sombre women, there was not as fur indurated sign to help that as fur as there was racism and sexism. Patricia Hill Collins forms a extract that finally draws a map into the entanglement of tyranny and qualification.