Problem Set 3.3: z Test Criterion: Compute a      z touchstone to gain a determination environing      a illustration. Data: The balance      (mean) altitude for adult women is 65 inches, and the criterion inconsequence is      3.5 inches. Given the women you lowerstand, you judge this compute is low; so,      you proceedings the altitudes of 25 of your effeminate friends. The balance altitude of      your 25 friends is 66.84 inches. Portion of the Usual Flexion Table    z Area z Area z Area z Area   1.92 .9726 2.27 .9884 2.62 .9956 2.97 .9985   1.93 .9732 2.28 .9887 2.63 .9957 2.98 .9986   1.94 .9738 2.29 .9890 2.64 .9959 2.99 .9986 Instruction: Tally this:      If your friends are usual a delegated-to-others illustration of adult effeminates,      what is the appearance that your friends are so high?   (Assessment continues on proximate page.) Problem Set 3.4: Refractory Variables (IVs) and Dependent Variables (DVs) Criterion: Differentiate betwixt refractory and      dependent variables. Data: A      researcher randomly assigns a class of adults to one of two diets plans      (Diet Plan A or Diet Plan B), and she then measures the equality of power      forfeiture each experiences in a two-week era. Instruction: Tally the superveneing:  What is the IV in this consider? What is the DV in this consider?   Problem Set 3.5: Hypotheses  Criterion: Write a directional-opinion supposition,      nondirectional-opinion supposition, and vain supposition. Data: A researcher is considering      whether the equality of power forfeiture differs in alloticipants who supervene Diet      Plan A versus those who supervene Diet Plan B. Instruction: Write the superveneing: a. A directional opinion supposition. b. A nondirectional opinion supposition. c. The vain supposition.   Problem Set 3.6: Errors and Significance: Likeness 1 and Likeness 2 Error Criterion: Differentiate betwixt Likeness 1      and Likeness 2 untruth. Data: It is an recurrent event that in      the unconcealed population, men criticize further on balance than women. In a consider,      you randomly illustration 100 men and 100 women, you proceedings each alloticipant's      weight, and you furnish that there is no indicative disagreement in power      grounded on gender. Instruction: Tally the      following: Given that a disagreement       really does pause in the population, what likeness of untruth is this (Type 1       or Likeness 2)? Teach your toweringy.   Problem Set 3.7: Errors and Significance: Likeness 1 and Likeness 2 Error Criterion: Differentiate betwixt Likeness 1      and Likeness 2 untruth. Data: In unconcealed, men and women do not      differ on IQ. However, as allot of your consider, you establish that women scored      significantly loftier than men on IQ. Instruction: Tally the      following: Given       that you establish a disagreement in your consider where none pauses in the       unconcealed population, substantiate the untruth (Type 1 or Likeness 2) and teach       your toweringy. (Assessment continues on proximate page.) Problem Set 3.8: Supposition Testing and the z Score. Criterion: Evaluate a vain supposition grounded on      analysis of basis. Data: Joan      is 72 inches high. The balance (mean) altitude for adult women is 65 inches,      and the criterion inconsequence is 3.5 inches. Instructions:  a. State the vain supposition. b. State the opinion supposition. c. Tally this: Joan is loftier than what percentage of women in the population? (Hint: Judge z score and area lower the usual flexion.) d. Tally this: Given Joan's altitude as compared to the population balance, do you forebode to repel the vain supposition? Teach your toweringy. Problem Set 3.9: One-Sample t Test Criterion: Hand compute a one-illustration t touchstone. Data: Rex’s Flower Shop advertised vigorous cut roses that last longer than other roses. The balance vase duration for a rose is 8 days. The superveneing is a illustration of the compute of vase duration days for 9 bouquets of roses from Rex’s Flower Shop: 8, 6, 12, 11, 8, 9, 14, 15, 10. Instruction: Complete the superveneing: a. State the nondirectional supposition. b. State the precarious t for α = .05 (two tails). c. Compute t. Show your effort. d. Answer: Is the vase duration of Rex’s roses indicatively divergent than the population balance? Explain.