Gilgamesh & Iliad

Program in Cultures, Civilizations, and Ideas Humanities 111: Antiquity Fall 2010 Due 25. 11. 2010 at 17:30 via email. Academic Unsoundness Do not deceit. Do not acceleration others deceit. Do not yield the performance of others as your own. Students who convert in actually corresponding written performance in stipulations of resigned, composition, vocabulary, or phrasing earn be severely penalized. Academic unsoundness or plagiarism earn progeny in an F for the circumspectioner and aid disciplinary renewal, including outlawry from the university. Students are urged to familiarize themselves after a occasion university management at http://www. rovost. bilkent. edu. tr/procedures/AcademicHonesty. htm.Instructions: Choose FIVE of the subjoined shomely pairs of phrases and establish the text/reading and creator of each, then assimilate and/or dissimilarity the two phrases inveterate on the concepts, themes, and larger questions we enjoy discussed in systematize (10 aims each/50 aggregate). Avoid summarizing the resigneds or retelling the setting to the fiction, but sdress n ess that sometimes the contexts of the phrases are weighty for explaining why they are weighty in correspondent ways. a. b. Creator ______Homer_______________________ Creator ______Homer_______________________Title _______ The Iliad – Book 16_____________ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 16_____________ a. “Look what a extensile man, a sprightly, glisteny tumbler! Impartial judge what he’d do at sea whither the fish multitude – why, the man could supply a alert, diving for oysters! Plunging balanceboard, residencely in choppy, heaving seas, impartial as he dives to gound from his war-car now.Even these Trojans enjoy their tumblers – what a leap! ” b. He halted him by that spearhead balance the chariot-rail, hoisted, dragged the Trojan out as an angler perched on a distinctive roll ledge drags some fish from the sea, ome generous lay-hands-on, after a occasion direction and gleaming bronze halt.. . his hole gaping environing the gleaming aim and flipped him down aspect pristine, deceased as he prostrate his circumspectioner expiration blown separate. The phrases are correspondent to each other owing Patroclus insults his enemies in twain of the phrases. In the pristine phrase he insults Cebriones, the driver of Hector and in the succor one he insults Thestor. Patroclus is disobeying Achilles’ instructions owing he is balanceconfident and too ambitious that he judges that he earn get the city and despatch all of the Trojans. The deep concept of these two phrases is fury.Patroclus slays everyone he sees and commendations his enemies as auxiliary. Patroclus loses his ethnical feelings and befit a massacre. Homer tells the fiction by comparing the massacre to fishing, and this is a tragicomic comparison. 7. 5/10 c. d. Creator ___________________________________ Creator ______Homer_______________________ Title __Xenophanes of Colophon - Fragments___ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 14_____________ c. “One God, pre-eminent shapehither gods and men, not at all attachment deadlys in assemblage or understanding. As a total he sees, as a total he judges and as a total he hears.And regularly he stays in the corresponding establish, not melting at all, nor is it penny for him to travelin incongruous directions at incongruous dates d. .” “Give me attachment, present me Longing now, the sways you use to balancewhelm all gods and deadly men! I am off to the ends of the abundant, abundant world to mark Ocean, fountainhead of the gods, and Mother Tethys who nourished me in their halls and reared me courteous-mannered. ” In phrase c thither is a god that expressively elder shapehither all ethnicals and the other gods. He is incongruous from all. The phrase glorifies this god. Since the pre-eminent god is Zeus, the mentioned god hither is he.In analysis, Hera goes to Aphrodite and asks acceleration from her in prescribe to dupe Zeus in the phrase d. Thither is a confliction hither. Zeus can be divulged owing of some hankers connected to ethnical bark, residencely though he is the pre-eminent one. The gods in Iliad enjoy some features attachment intrigues and double-dealings which are connected to ethnicalkind. In other say, the gods are not incorrupt. However, thither is a expressive destruction among the gods and ethnicals. When Hera asks acceleration from Aphrodite, although they are in incongruous sides of the war, she accelerations Hera.The gods are generally happier than the deadlys, and they do not enjoy vindictiveness over each other as abundantly as the deadlys. 8/10 e. f. Creator ______Gilgamesh____________________ Creator ______Gilgamesh____________________ Title __The Epic of Gilgamesh – Tablet 11______ Title __The Epic of Gilgamesh – Tablet 11______ e. “The gods did effluvium the savour, the gods did effluvium the savour winning, the gods gathered attachment flies environing the man making destruction. ” f. “Even the gods took loathing at the Deluge, they left and went up to the god of Anu, mendacious attachment dogs curled up in the public. ”From the pristine phrase, it can be implicit that the gods deficiency ethnicals as a servants. The gods deficiencys the destructions of ethnicals. In analysis, in the succor phrase we see the magnanimous sway of the gods that they are talented to undo thoroughly the ethnicalkind. They enjoy such a magnanimous sway that residencely they are distracted of the redundance they sent. However, the gods are regretful owing they recognize-again that they had a succeed and they deficiency the ethnicalkind. The gods are imdeadly and the ethnicalbark should be imdeadly as courteous-mannered. Thus, they present perenniality to Uta-napishti and his accelerationmeet to secure the entity of the ethnicalkind. /10 g. h. Creator ______Homer_______________________ Creator ______Homer_______________________ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 6______________ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 6______________ g. “So now I am your number and messmate in the interior of Argos, you are mine in Lycia when I mark in your state. Come, let us obey transparent of each other’s spears, residencely thither in the numerous of engagement . . . But let’s employment armor. The men must recognize our claim: we are sworn messmates from our fathers’ days dress now! ” h. “My comrades – assailant Danaans, aides of Ares – no mar now!Don’t lag after, don’t toss yourself at pillage impartial to haul the biggest ingredient end to your ship. Now’s the date for despatching! Later, at quiet, disencumber the corpses up and down the residencely. ” In the pristine phrase Diomedes and Glaucus do not contest when they recognize-againd that their grandfathers are messmates and these two men are sworn messmates for crave date. Thither is no fury among them owing they regard their fathers and present more significance to messmateship than high-mindedness and the hanker of wining the war. They employment their armors and do not circumspection encircling the high-mindedness progeny although the materials of the armors are incongruous.By doing this they absence to profession that their flatten of high-mindedness is corresponding. On the other influence, Nestor presents significance to fury in the succor phrase. Nestor and Agamemnon’s pristine guidance is not high-mindedness as courteous-mannered, and they do not circumspection encircling the onflow of the city. They solely focused on fury and despatching every Trojan that they see. When Menelaus judges encircling preamble redeem, Agamemnon urges him to despatch solely. The pre-eminent flatten of fury can be seen hither; quiet, Diomedes and Glaucus are judgeing in accurately facing way. Their priorities are incongruous although they are in the corresponding war. 8. /10 i. j. Creator ______Homer_______________________ Creator ______Homer_______________________ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 22_____________ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 9______________ i. “I would die of disgrace to aspect the men of Troy and the Trojan women triling their crave robes . . . Someone hither of a man than I earn say, ‘Our Hector – spreamble all on his own power, he undoed his army! ’ So they earn murmur. So now, rectify by far for me to be up to Achilles, despatch him, end residence brisk or die at his influences in radiance out precedently the walls. ” j. Mother tells me, he imdeadly goddess Thetis after a occasion her glistening feet, that two fates tolerate me on to the day of cessation. If I halt out hither and I lay siege to Troy, my trip residence is past, but my radiance never dies. If I voyage end to the fatherland I attachment, my lordliness, my radiance dies . . . penny, but the circumspectioner that’s left to me earn be crave, the tickle of cessation earn not end on me undeviatingly. The phrases are correspondent owing the deep concept of twain phrases is assailant for high-mindedness. However, Achilles’ and Hector’s reasons of assailant and their priorities are incongruous. Achilles contests solely for his radiance and high-mindedness.He does not acceleration his comrades impartial owing Agamemnon dishonored him. Achilles’ pristine guidance is his high-mindedness and radiance for which he has performanceed so harsh. However, Hector contests not solely for his high-mindedness but besides for the race of Troy. Hector circumspections encircling what race judges encircling him. Twain Hector and Achilles aspect a scrape encircling assailant or not owing twain of them recognize that if they contest they earn die promptly but enjoy radiance and high-mindedness at the corresponding date. Hector considers the disgrace he earn aspect, if he does not contest. On the other influence, he recognizes that if he contests and despatchs Achilles or residencely he dies, he earn get high-mindedness.Thus, he chooses to contest. However, Achilles’ uncontrolltalented storm orients him to contest. These two deep heroes of the fiction enjoy weighty favor on the progeny of the war.. 9/10 k. l. Creator ______Gilgamesh____________________ Creator ______Gilgamesh____________________ Title __The Epic of Gilgamesh – Tablet 7_______ Title __The Epic of Gilgamesh – Tablet 4_______ k. ‘Why, my messmate, does your interior dialogue apathy . . .? [the reverie] was distinctive, magnanimous the solicitude. [Your feverish lips] were buzzing attachment flies, [the misgivings were] magnanimous, the reverie was noble.To the one who survives {the gods] license grieving: the reverie licenses affliction to the one who survives. The magnanimous gods [I’ll] petition in supplication, let me court out [Shamash,] I’ll accost to your god. l. ‘The reverie that I had was an complete confusion: god cried vociferously, occasion world did rumble. The day grew quiet, tenebrosity came forth, thither was a glisten of lightning, inspirer broke out . . . [Having heard the say of his messmate,] Enkidu gave the reverie significance, proverb to Gilgamesh: [My messmate,] your reverie is a good-natured-natured one, pretty is [its missive. ]’ 41/50 = %82 (B-)gamesh