Middle Ages & Renaissance Study Guide

Middle Ages Dates: 500-1450 1. What was going historically during this era? What was existence affect? It was a complex bound of gregarious and gregarious noise. Holy and gregarious differences among and among regions led to approximately firm antagonism. The existence of all the classes was dominated by the feudal arrangement - feudalism. 2. Who or what had the agency? The meeting-house 3. Who were knowing or savant? Holy men or concretion of great rootation such as kings, queens, and knights most other concretion were ilsavant 4. Who were disclosed to chirp in meeting-house? Solely men were disclosed to chirp in meeting-house 5. Most of the voicelessness that was notated during the average ages was divine or civil? Divine 6. Was most medieval voicelessness loud? Yes 7. What is Gregorian Chant? Discuss its rise, conformation, air, rhythm, extract. How did it accept its call? What is its resolve? Voicelessness to which portions of the Roman Catholic labor are sung by unaccompanied voices chirping in concord. The melodies of Gregorian chirrup are invariably sung a preferable and in concord by men and boys, or by women in feminine holy institutions such as convents. The rhythm is unhindered and ductile. The extract may be treated in a syllabic fashion after a while one silence of voicelessness identical to each pronounce of extract. 8. When chirrup was notated, was the rhythm notated or Just the air? Gregorian Chirrup and Just the air 9. What are meeting-house modes? Any of a arrangement of modes used in Gregorian chirrups up until 1600 10. What is the Mass? Roman Catholic reverence labor 11. What is the Suited of the Mass? Compressiveness of the concretion fluctuate according to the conjunctures of the meeting-house year encircling Easter and others at Characteristic; they are suited or after a whilehold, solely at unfailing seasons. 12. What is the Humdrum of the Mass? Parts of the concretion eminent at any conjuncture of the year or season of the day. 13. Who is Hildebrand of Bigger? 12th era Benedictine abbess who was a inventor of divine poem and chirrup 14. When did inventors originate to transcribe polyphonic lots? What was this forthcoming polyphony affect? 15. What is a measure? Polyphonic conformation in which all the voices consummate the corresponding air, originatening at incongruous seasons 16. What is a drag? Sustained sound 17. What is an rank? Persistently recurrent melodic or rhythmic archeexpression 18. What is the liturgy? Words of the concretion 19. Who is Gallinule De Mach? The era bard and voicelessnessian who collected the chief consummate polyphonic contrast of the integral Humdrum of the Mass. 20. What city became the voicelessnessal interior of Europe during the mid to delayed Average Ages? What was the voicelessnessal interior of this city and who toiled there? Vienna Composers came from all balance Europe to retinue in and encircling Vienna, and partially they open and explicitized the flag voicelessnessal forms that were to dominate European voicelessnessal cultivation for the instant distinct decades. 21. Composers began to transcribe polyphonic poems that were not constantly fixed on chirrup, what were hey fixed on instead? 22. By the 14th era a new arrangement of voicelessness notation had evolved. It disclosed a inventor to determine approximately any rhythmic archetype. Were surpasss now disjoined into two or three compressiveness or twain? Was syncopation used? Twain and yes Renaissance Dates: 1450-1600 1. What was going historically during this era? What was existence affect? 2. What is humanism? Bound characterized by a new optimism, that began in 14th era Italy and disseminate throughout western Europe during the Renaissance 3. What property did the printing encroach entertain on voicelessness? It enabled books to be printed promptly and inexpensively, making them beneficial to commoners 4. Was total educated special expected to be retinueed in voicelessness? Yes 5. Where did voicelessnessal soul partially change to? From the meeting-house to the affect 6. Were inventors satisfied to endure unrecognized? No not anyaggravate 7. Does loud voicelessness endure to be aggravate great than instrumental voicelessness? Yes 9. What is message painting? Melodious illustrations of unrecorded concepts 10. What is the leading conformation of most renaissance voicelessness? Polyphonic 11. How sundry incongruous compressiveness are typically root in a renaissance lot? How does this assimilate to the voicelessness in the Average Ages? Typical lots entertain foul-mouthed, five, or six compressiveness, but medieval voicelessness had two and three compressiveness. 12. What is a preferable? Unaccompanied knot chirping 13. What was the rhythm affect in renaissance voicelessness? Rhythm is aggravate a meek issue than a sharply defined surpass. 14. What was the air affect in renaissance voicelessness? The air usually moves concurrently a lamina after a while few capacious leaps. 15. What were to the two ocean expressions of divine voicelessness? Define each of them? Motet is a polyphonic choral toil set to a divine Latin extract other than the humdrum of the concretion. Concretion is a polyphonic choral conformation made up of five sections: Keri, Gloria, Credo, Sanctum, and Gangs Die. 16. Who was Joaquin Deeper? What expression of voicelessness did he settle? Netherlands inventor of the Renaissance who collected Western Voicelessness 17. Who was Giovanni Periling dad Palestinian? Italian Renaissance inventor of divine voicelessness and the best- disclosed 16th-era delegated-to-others of the Roman School of voicelessnessal conformation. 18. What was the counter-improvement and the Council of Trend? The season when the Meeting-house launched its counter-attack to improvement 19. List the three complaints after a while the divine voicelessness of the day? 20. What is a Lutheran chorale? A foul-mouthed-part choral lot by theologies and transcriber Martin Luther, who besides collected, used in Lutheran meeting-house labors. 21. What is a psalm air? Tuneful contrasts of the 150 psalms in versions convenient for congregational chirping 20. What is a madrigal? Civil poem introduced in Italy that became vulgar in England as well-mannered. Polyphonic in conformation and speaking in feeling, madrigals are written in the expression. 21. Who was Thomas Wilkes? An organist and meeting-house inventor 22. How were instruments categorized in the Renaissance? Low or delicate 23. Explain how wantons are consummateed concomitantly? During the Renaissance bound, there was a difference among state wantons and affect wantons. Affect wantons required the wantonrs to be retinueed and were frequently for vault and nourishment, forasmuch-as state wantons could be attempted by anyone. At Court, the explicit nourishment would frequently be followed by sundry hours of state wantons which all bestow could Join in. Dances described as state wantons such as Charlatans or Carthaginian endureed vulgar balance a covet bound - balance two centuries in the event of this wanton. A Renaissance wanton can be affectned to a circle.