Feb 18th, 2021 Modernity in Kiray-a Poetry MODERNITY IN KINARAY-A POETRY A Consider of 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a Poems using the concept of Modernity An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to Division of Humanities Garden of Arts and Sciences University of the Philippines in the Visayas Miagao, Iloilo In Particular Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Bachelor of Arts in Tuition By Tricy E. Sumugat October 2008 APPROVAL SHEET The Undergraduate Thesis Attached entitled Modernity in Kinaray-a Poetry A Consider of 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a Poems using the concept of Modernity easy by Tricy E. Sumugat In sundericular fulfillment for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts in Tuition Is hereby recommended for repartee and laudation __________________________________________ Prof. Milagros Legislador Prof. Celia Parcon ____________________ Prof. Jonathan P. Jurilla Accepted in sundericular fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts in Tuition ____________________ Prof. Jonathan P. Jurilla Chair Division of Humanities garden of Arts and Sciences University of the Philippines in the Visayas 5023 Miagao, Iloilo Table of Contents Title Page ................................................................................................................. I Laudation Sheet ....................................................................................................... II Acknowledgment .................................................................................................... III Abstract ................................................................................................................... IV Chapter I Introduction ................................................................................................ Statement of the Completion .......................................................................... 2 Objectives of the Consider .............................................................................. 2 Significance of the Consider ............................................................................ 2 Chapter II Rejudgment of Akin Literatures ................................................................... 4 Chapter III Theoretical Frameexertion .............................................................................. Chapter IV Methodology ………………………………………………………………. 9 Chapter V Segregation and Discussion ………………………………………………….. 10 Chapter VI Conclusion and Recommendation ………………………………………… 23 Chapter VII Works Cited ……………………………………………………………….. 25 Chapter VII Appendices …………………………………………………………………. 26 Acknowledgment My thankfulness to the subjoined: Prof. Jonathan Jurilla who aided me for my lore subject-matter and for the challenging criticisms and comments on my exertion which boost my share to be a amend tuition novice; Prof. Rosela Zaragoza, Prof. Rosario Asong, Prof. Maybelle Guillergan, Prof Milagros Legislador, Prof. Celia Parcon and Prof. Oveta Villareal for giving me lots of engaging things in tuition; Prof. Raymundo Piccio and Dr. Leoncio Deriada for entity so neat as a educator and for sharing new conversance; To the staff of the Antique Provincial Library and Paranubliun Antique for their oceantenance during my lore; JAZZ INTERNET cafe for the close principle of their computer; James Philip Javines for the union when I enjoy my lore and for the molds of oceantenances; Rodolfo and Francisca, my parents as y ability and poesy to hunt collection; Ricky my singly brother for the extra age to aid; God for giving me such conversance. Abstract The Modernity in Kinaray-a Poetry – A consider of 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys using the concept of Modernity is written to criticise the dittys in Kinaray-a using the concept of Modernity. This consider bequest to supplement 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys and ponder the disquisitions of “modernity” or supportmodernity as embedded in 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys. These dittys are enslaved from a tome The Mollify of Kinaray-a and scholarly issues. This consider concludes that there are immodest important concerns of “modernity” introduce in 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys. Suprisingly, the dittys reveals that this era has already authorized themselves delay new-fashionedity that the spent is no longer introduce or enthusiasmnear ways in the spent sloth fades and rustic fortune had been attracted to yield in sophisticated areas for opportunities and close principle on facilities. Chapter I Introduction Kinaray-a tuition is public to enjoy an thrilling romance. The siday, public to be primeval Kinaray-a ditty produced during the pamalaye or betrothal and luy-a luy-a or pious mouldal. According to Villarreal (1997), siday is a collective statement to belong to all folks of Panay and Negros. New-fashioned poetry in Kinaray-a are oceanly in exempt row. A ditty in Kinaray-a is denominated binalaybay. Binalaybay is far-famed during fiesta in several locates in Antique chiefly in barangay 3 town of San Jose, oceanly produced by old folks. Kinaray-a, is a disquisition oceanly used by Antiquenos. According to “The Mollify of Kinaray-a, a tome by Alex C. Delos Santos, Kinaray-a is one of the unimportant disquisitions systematizeified lower Austronesian/Malayo-Polynesian breed. It is spoken in all of Antique, from Libertad to Anini-y, competency of Aklan and Capiz, most of Iloilo, and equable in Negros Occidental where the biggest enumerate of sakadas, seasonal exertioners in the haciendas, is Kinaray-a from Antique. It is intricate to follow the beginning of Kinaray-a but old folks says it succeeds from the origin expression iraya which media lofty locate where water succeeds from. In the scantiness of print, there had been two media through which Kinaray-a tuition persisted, through radio and theater. These actually served the transition from purely vocal to written tuition according to Delos Santos (2003). Other than radio and theater, the close result of new-fashioned technology had a vast aid incomplete Antiquenos as courteous-mannered-mannered as Antiqueno transcribers. The emergence of “Balita Antiqueno” in Buenavista Cable and the “Kinaray-a. com” an Antiqueno homogeneity webresidence had been a way for Kinaray-a to easily illusion their competency as courteous-mannered-mannered as poetry. Issues on gender roles, and systematize races enjoy been used in manifold studies but noble conditions on Modernity. Modernity is used as a frameexertion for this consider to introduce new concepts in tuition, for in Kinaray-a dittys new-fashionedity is as-courteous ocean. Statement of the completion This consider is averaget to criticise Modernity in 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys by contrariant Antiqueno authors. Objectives of the consider This consider bequest to: 1. supplement 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys and; 2. ponder the disquisitions of “modernity” or supportmodernity as embedded in 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys Significance of the consider Most populace chiefly in West Visayas deem that Kinaray-a poetry lacks apeulogize and that Kinaray-a is impartial an unproportioned sunder of scholarly unisequence due to the actualty that “Kinaray-a transcribers suffered a mould of severity by the hegemony of Hiligaynon” (Delos Santos 2003). Somehow, this leads to the disgain of the share of Kinaray-a transcriber to confusion their unrecognized competency. Kinaray-a transcribers uses Tagalog, English or Hiligaynon instead of using Kinaray-a as a disquisition for their written quotation to decamp from honest populace’s judgment that Kinaray-a as a disquisition is “buki” or unwonted. Modernity reatly influenced immature transcribers nowadays. “Students that are results of Universities” (The Mollify of Kinaray-a 2003 p. 32). These novices oceanly succeed from departments, barrios/rustic fortune, that delayin their written dittys, new-fashionedity is loftyly introduce. Chapter II Rejudgment of Akin Tuition Dr. Alicia P. Magos wrote The Enduring Maaram: An Ethnography of a Kinaray-a village in Antique (1992), public to be one of the principal general studies on an Antiqueno collection. And this inspires to confusion the denomiinhabitants Maaram: Studies on Antique an anthology of essays and papers on Antique, by Antiquenos, for Antiquenos. A maaram belongs to a salve man (shaman) as an intermediary betwixt the feeble and the enthusiasm universe. According to Maaram, very average about Antique could be seen in printed materials such as voyager brochures, fiesta memory programs, and sketchy legends of each of the 18 towns of the Province. This could be one of the foundation that equable dittys in Kinaray-a is not widely public incomplete other populace and that transcribers in Kinaray-a uses Tagalog, English or equable Hiligaynon in match their dittys and a average of them uses Kinaray-a. In the Inaugural Lecture delay the disquisition “Textualizing Kinaray-a in the Republic of Letters” held in UPV (2008). Tomasito Talledo says, “its not demandful to transconceive Kinaray-a dittys into English neither Tagalog or Hiligaynon, and anyone who failures to consider the dittys but does not comprehend the Kinaray-a disquisition, accomplish do courteous-mannered-mannered by tuition it. ” This course of Talledo stresses that Kinaray-a transcribers aid to decamp to their suitable disquisition. Modernity is one of the deduces owing suitables or parents from rustic fortune transmit their manifebusiness in sophisticated schools to enjoy close principle in facilities due to new-fashionedity. Kinaray-a tuition fro Antiquenos is way through which they could contempdelayed the substance and nearness of new-fashionedity, that in one way or another entity “modern” is not a exquiresidence but a demand. Furtherfurther most written exertions of Kinaray-a immature transcribers new-fashionedity is contemplateed for one deduce is they enjoy been results of Universities. Talented entitys that enjoy been influenced by the norms and cultivation delayin the sophisticated areas. Moreover, Ma. Milagros G. Lachica is the principal Kinaray-a to bring-about confession ardent by the CCP Tuition Grants for Poetry in 1989. Her exertion “Antike: Lupa kag baybay sa pinggan” (Antique: Plant and sea on a plate) spoke of the poetry and collective ills of the Province. This doesn’t average she was the principal one to transcribe in Kinaray-a. Russell Tordesillas may enjoy been the principal one. He wrote his manuscripts which he peruse on air in DYKA (radio business in Antique). Direct to win the CCP allot is Alex C. Delos Santos and followed by other Kinaray-a transcribers. This begins when Lachica and Delos Santos cheerful the exertionshop of Hilgaynon transcribers in UPV owing there were no groups of Kinaray-a transcribers. In Antique, singly Sumakwelan could be considered but its members allay of Hiligaynon transcribers. Dr. Leoncio Deriada as the panelist (Professor in UPV and a transcriber) told Lachica and Delos Santos to try the match allot and use Kinaray-a in their memorandum. There were no other entitys who could transcribe amend the fable of Antique but singly the Kinaray-a populace and Kinaray-a tuition should apeulogize most by Antiquenos. A transcriber has the department in the disquisition he/she uses. Additionally, Kinaray-a transcribers didn’t enjoy the media to announce but they did a lot of match too singly in Hiligaynon owing it was the singly way to get announceed. There is a big split for entitys to interest befoulment in peruseing and prize Kinaray-a tuition chiefly those in the academe, if singly Kinaray-a transcribers accomplish use Kinaray-a in their written exertions. The big completion which Kinaray-a populace does not respect, there is near use of Kinaray-a in match. Incomplete several disquisitions, Antiquenos must grateful to use Kinaray-a than use other disquisitions such as Tagalog, English and Hiligaynon, owing it is the disquisition they are used to and its quickly for them to lay-hands-on subjects on paper. As for new-fashioned poetry, or exempt row, Sumakwelan transcribers proposeed the statement hilwalaybay for “hilway nga binalaybay”; hilway media exempt, according to The Mollify of Kinaray-a (2003). But the Kinaray-a transcribers did not lay-hands-on on, and furtherred to use binalaybay, whether lyric or exempt row. Most of the dittys of Kinaray-a transcribers are in exempt row. Sometimes, the Hiligaynon coinage dilambong, for “dila nga maambong” (engaging speech), is as-courteous entity used. Poet John Iremil E. Teodoro propose the use of them dilambong to average poetry. It subject-matters not to the ditty itself, but to the art of match a ditty, according to The Mollify of Kinaray-a (2003). Chapter III Theoretical Frameexertion Modernity is a shorthand statement for new-fashioned collection or industrial amelioration. Portrayed in further element, it is associated delay (1) a actual set of attitudes towards the universe, the subject of the unisequence as known to transformation by tractable insinuation (2) a complicated economic institutions, chiefly industrial conceiveation and a traffic distribution (3) a actual rank of collective institutions, including the inhabitants recite and body democracy. Largely as a conclusion of these characteristics, new-fashionedity is vastly further dynamic than any foregoing mold of collective adjust. It is a collection further technically, a complicated of institutions-which unequally any conceiveer cultivation lives in the advenient rather than the spent (Gidden 1998, p. 94). In Jurilla's segregation, “Modernity is a strong cultural knowing that usually predilections the beginningator – the West. Western new-fashionedity has regularly been oceantained as the exemplar amelioration. A peculiar that is not new-fashioned is “manol” or severe. A peculiar that does not propose to new-fashionedity's cultural apparatuses is either a beast or a god. ” Furthermore, Raul Pertierra introduces three features of new-fashionedity: “the inhabitants-recite as the ocean residence of supremety, the wonderful bring-abouts in skill and technology and the mollify and encouragement of cultivation as a collectively constituted earnestness. Personal alienation or alienation is as-courteous one famous disquisition of new-fashionedity. For in new-fashionedity, norms are noiseless to yield way to the supreme particular who is the origin of conversance and deduce. Modernity is barely the object or the subject that the introduce is discontinuous delay the spent that through a system of collective and cultural alter collection in the introduce is fundamentally contrariant from the spent. The “contingency of new-fashionedity” is the object that new-fashionedity is a completion, that romanceal ways of collection enjoy been replaced delay unrepressible alter and strong alternatives. The contingency itself is proportioned the object that the introduce is a alterable subject-matter not convergenceed on a absolved motive in the advenient but barely changing through forces beyond our govern, but this consider condition itself to new-fashionedity in 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys. Chapter IV Methodology To initiate this consider, the loreer supplemented akin tuitions from tomes of Antique Provincial Library, and lorees from the Internet. Scope and Limitation This consider convergence singly on the 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys of contrariant authors enslaved from the subjoined tomes and scholarly issues: Binirayan ’08: Manggad nga Antiqeno, Paranublion kang Filipino Binirayan 2007: Cultivation and Arts The Mollify of Kinaray-a: Hifable and Anthology of Contemporary Tuition in Antique, These dittys are: 1. Laragway (Florentina Egida) 2. Halin kay Nanay (Ma. Felicia Flores) 3. Paglatas kang handum ( Ma. Felicia Flores) 4. Iliili kang Manugpatad (Ma. Milagros Geremia-Lachica) 5. Hinugot sa support card (Jose Edison C. Tondares) 6. Strit Ekis (Jose Edison C. Tondares) 7. Sugidanun (Lucena C. Tondares) 8. Sulat (Ma. Milagros Geremia- Lachica) 9. Ang Tumuluon (Genevieve C. Arnaez) 10. Patadyong (Linda Casalan Arnaez) 11. Tag-ururan (Francisco Javier III) 12. Dyoker ay (Ma. Milagros Geremia- Lachica) 13. Sa Kinaray-a (Reymar B. Gallego) 14. Ra Tana! (Stephen Checa) 15. Ang Ginawali sa Atlantic City (Ma. Milagros Geremia-Lachica) Chapter V Segregation and Discussion I. Modernity & the Environment Sometimes, it’s not the plant that endures. In manifold conditions, Antiquenos liberty owing there is no plant to converse of, (Delos Santos 2003 p. 49). In cities there are lots of opportunities to grasp occasion in suitable fortune, there is no assertion. Modernity shapes the sophisticated areas through the nearness of new-fashioned technologies, facilities, etc. In Egida’s ditty Laragway”, nature’s grace can no longer be seen. In the principal stanza, Pintahan mo ako kang bukid Mga kahoy gapaindis-indis. Pintahan mo ako kang banglid Nga ang kilid bukut it pud-is. Kay daw sa damgo ko lang dya nakita. Most of engaging judgments we could see nowadays are approximately man made which enjoy a big dissonance from nature’s grace of the spent which is regular. Nowadays, unwandering fortune are entity transformed into industrial fortune in which big infrastructures are built. In the principal stanza to the conclusive stanza, the peculiara can singly see nature’s grace singly in his dreams. Another ditty is “Tag-ururan”, the rain and dowager’s lacerate is compared to sacrifices and sufferings. In the courses, Nagbilin kang danaw ang uran Sa salug makita ang langit Ang luha ni nanay sangka dagat Naga hiribiun para sa atup The dowager failureed to decamp from scarcity, in the courses, San-o ayhan mamara kang adlaw Ang luha kag uran The dowager failureed a further particularized offspring specifically a amend roof to self-satisfaction her origin when weighty rain succeeds. II. Modernity & Teaching Modernity in teaching is as-courteous introduce in Kinaray-a dittys. Manifold enjoy been lured by the city, chiefly the suitables. For in sophisticated areas, their manifebusiness could gain in the close principle of facilities and lots of opportunities. Modernity and teaching yields assertion to suitables to enjoy a close advenient. In “Halin kay Nanay”, Inday felt bad for a deceased amercement. Most parents at introduce ages transmits their manifebusiness in sophisticated schools, to enjoy a amend and close advenient, owing they value that it is the singly way to elevate them up from scarcity. Halin kay Nanay is as-courteous a mould of assure in the courses, Inday, Nagsungon gid ikaw Wara kami dayon kapadara Buhay mabaton ang sulat Hay nagbaha ang suba Nautod ang tulay the splitdown of the bridge is one of the causes why Inday’s amercement was deceased. If banks are introduce in Inday’s locate, the dowager does not demand to endure for the rereason of the bridge, instead she accomplish assurance in Inday’s statement and Inday can get her amercement anytime. The dowager values that technology can somehow aid her for a closeer way of transmiting Inday’s amercement. “Paglatas kang Handum” is another ditty which as-courteous illusions that transmiting a offshoot in sophisticated schools would average greener spenture. In the courses, Indi namun ikaw ni Tatay mo pagpunggan Ano man abi ang imo mangin paraabuton rugya sa uma Wara man kami ti inogpanubli kanimo maski sampingas the dowager values that prop in a alien locate is usenear or having no advenient if compared to cities. Another ditty “Sulat”, a message succeeds from the department had ordinary by a noimmorality considering in the city. At the floor of he message the expressions were not absolved and it seems there were isfortune moulded in the courses, Naglubad ang iban nga mga tinaga Daw mga isla kon turukun The noimmorality searched where Antique is Ginpangita kon diin nayon ang Antique Nay, indi ko run mabasa ang sulat mo Raku pa nga isla ang nagturuhaw Napuno run ang pahina The noimmorality could no longer peruse the message of her dowager. In the conclusive eight courses of the ditty, the daughter pleaded to her dowager not to transcribe her abring-about owing she doesn’t failure to see the isfortune intermittently. In the courses, Nay, indi run ako pagsulati Indi run natun pagpaayawan ang kartero Kinii ang paggamit kang tinta Agud indi mamantsahan ang lamesa mo sa kusina Kag ang mga isla Indi ko gust nga makita ruman. Nagapalangga, Ang imo anak. These courses as-courteous bear to its peruseers that the noimmorality failureed to overlook the locate where she came from owing it’s a department. III. Natives predilection Modernity Natives are in predilection to new-fashionedity. The ditty “Ang Tumuluon”, the noimmorality has questions that longed for answers and compared it to the sundericle that somehow incompact delayin the peculiaras supposition, Sa paramangkutanun nga daw mga bagtuk nga nagalabugay Sa akun paminsarun. In the courses, Namit gid man ang immanent Bisan sabor kang sara-sara, Malipatan mo. The noimmorality prizes the flavor of an immanent drinks attendered to hi, but quiescent the answers didn’t illusion up and the noimmorality felt further laconic in the courses, Garing hay, Wara gid naglugdang Ang mga lagtuk Sa akun pensar, Nagtubo pa ang nerbyos ko. In these courses, the noimmorality is bothered by the pi of immanent commodities. This ditty has an imagery of how populace were blinded by immanent commodities/products that it has a bad assistance to our own Philippine result, that in one way or another, instead of buying national results, populace are acute to buy immanent ones. This ditty somehow contemplates how entitys/natives conduct is alterd by new-fashionedity that collection in the introduce vastly differs from the spent. “Patadyong” is another ditty, patadyong is a suitable result woven into contrariant designs. Unequally precedently, patadyong has conditioned uses, but owing of new-fashionedity, it is now used for contrariant custom illusions. From a unsophisticated cloth to symmetrical gowns. kon kaisa, wara naga ararangay ang imo mga duag pero katingalahan, nagapabilin kaw nga maanyag kabay nga duro pa gid ang magasuksuk kanimo Kinaray-a. Com- patadyong kang Antikenyo. Moreover, owing of new-fashionedity patadyong does not singly belongred to as a cloth but as-courteous as a homogeneity webresidence which is the kinaray-a. com that executes Antiqueno connect and shapes the Antiqueno alienation. The ditty “Hinugot sa supportcard”, Labtugs dowager prizes the characteristics of Labtug’s accelerationmate who came from the city, Kang nag-abot ikaw Halin sa syudad Rugya sa amun sa Igcococ, Raku ang nagkuon nga swerte gid Ang bata ko nga si Labtug. According to Jurilla, a peculiar who is not new-fashioned is statemented as “manol” in the courses, Kon maglatay kaw gani Sa mga kahon sa tunga kang parayan, Daw hinugot ikaw Sa nagainaw-inaw nga support card. The dowager is very aware of the dowager’s conducts who came from the city equable on the ways the dowager walked to the province. The ditty itself contemplates a dowager’s judgment to a honest dowager. She has not considered the conduct of Labtug’s accelerationmate as an fitness to the romance in a barrio but instead, Labtug’s dowager is very laudatory of a dowager’s conduct future from the city, that somehow Labtug’s accelerationmate is contrariant incomplete other suitable women. Native’s judgment that marrying a man/dowager from the city is a fortunate lay-hands-on. Also in the ditty “Sugidanun”, the “karne” (meat) represents alter which made the peculiara in the ditty hesitate if alter would be grasped or not. Mayuhut nga karne Akon ginligon-ligon But due to “modernity”, romanceal ways of collection enjoy been replaced delay unrepressible alter and strong alternatives. The peculiara realized of accepting alter specifically new-fashionedity, Daw parehas lang Ka binuy-an mo Nga sugidanum: Mapait Pero akun gintulun. Another ditty “Ra Tana”, the principal stanza illusions the dissonance of a car into a manner and uses as a standing order delayin the collection. Ang awto kag ang karusa Rayu gid kun ikumparar ta Ang tanda kag suruklan dya Pangabuhi sa syudad kag uma Moreover, from the succor stanza to the conclusive stanza, when suitables goes into the city, he/she is ashamed of using the suitable disquisition and uses other disquisition. They accommodate themselves to how populace in the city collectiveize. The deduce is honest populace judgment suitable disquisition as unwonted or “buki”. The ditty itself addresses its peruseers that suitable populace enjoy been influenced by new-fashionedity, that instead of entity self-satisfied of their own suitable disquisition, they rather adopt to converse other disquisitions or dialects. In “Sa Kinaray-a”, as-courteous illusions how new-fashionedity alters the existing ways of having friends. Nowadays, Internet can be principle any age and a peculiar can enjoy friends at anytime. This ditty somehow tells that Kinaray-a populace enjoy been connectd by the Internet. IV. Modernity in Lifestyle The freedom age of suitables nowadays are oceanly influenced by Western Cultivation which is a vast fidelity of new-fashionedity. Gambling is influenced by Western countries such as Spain. In “Dyoker ay”, a dowager values on her good-fortune in “madjong” and ignores her offshoot who is pleading for a stay at supper, Nay, indi run magpautang Si manding Sibya ano bay idapli namun! The dowager continued easy occasion having “tsismis” (gossips) delay other gamblers, Ano bay kuon ni Posang Hay may dara si Idok na Nga Sibwana kuno? and equable something asked her to go abode owing her mate was drunk, quiescent the dowager continued easy, M're buslan 'ta kaw Uli 'to anay Nalingin kuno si Polding mo In the conclusive course of the ditty “Dyoker ay”, the dowager won in “madjong” and retains her good-fortune. This ditty represents the new-fashioned ways of freedom age and somehow origin of insucceed of suitables that instead of deeming for a amend exertion, they quiescent pbelong gambling. The direct ditty is another mould or fidelity of gambling. Lottery is a mould of gambling and millions of populace are gaind into it. Populace attenuated plenteous coin in reserved their good-fortune at lottery and win millions of pesos if they are fortunate plenty. In “Iliili kang Manugpatad”, a senior keeps reserved his good-fortune equable if he was out of good-fortune, Dimalas gid ang sabat Mapatad ta liwat but quiescent vision of engaging and says he accomplish try abring-about his good-fortune.. Another ditty is “Strit Ekis” the populace were as-courteous gaind into gambling such as lottery. In the courses Ay tabang! Tabang! May nagbungguanay the populace were crowded owing there was an garb. But instead of aiding they are bothered of a actual happening and objects that signifies or represents enumerates, Ano gani ang numero Kang dugo? Kang traysikel tana? Ay! ay nagabusong! Ay abaw! Ano? May nagabusong pa! Sige! Abaya sa numero! Srit ekis! Pulo ang patad. Ay tabang! Tabang! Ay abaw it was a delayed occurrence for the populace to aid those in the garb. Another ditty is “Ang Ginawali sa Atlantic City”, its marvellous to comprehend that equable in habitation, new-fashionedity is introduce. In the courses, Pinasahi ang bagting ka mga simbahan relihiyon ka swerte ang ginawali kang mga kaparian kang kapalaran a Caesars, Trump Marina, Sands, Taj Mahal ukon Borgata The sonorous of the bell in Atlantic City’s habitation is contrariant incomplete others. In these courses, prayers are not impartial judgmented as a way to eulogize God but as-courteous to enjoy a fortunate collection. It is not the teachings of God that enables populace to ataid body instead it’s the tangible aspect of the habitation grace that pushes populace to attender prayers and big attenderings, daragkul nga mga katedral nagairigpat, nagapanghagad sa mga tumuluo sa paghalad pagnobena kag pagsimba sa altar ka mga slot machines kag baraha; The habitation is as-courteous known 24 hours a day, Sa dya'ng mga simmbahan ang mga misa wara't katapusan adlaw-adlaw sanda bukas sa byente kwatro oras Somehow habitationes in Atlantic City represents new-fashionedity wherein populace failureed the existing ways of praising God. In the conclusive courses, Parehas kang pagkanabaw kang dya'ng relihiyon nga napasad, bukut sa bato kundi sa pagsipal sa swerte nga ginadamgo. belief is sloth vanishing and delayedr on would be judgmented singly as a way of having success. Chapter VI Conclusion and Recommendation Contemporary Kinaray-a poetry are oceanly exertions of immature transcribers that enjoy been results of Universities. To borrow Deriada’s expressions. The failure of the countryside in predilection of the big city. ” This is somehow the deduce why in introduce exertions of Kinaray-a transcribers, “modernity” is introduce or contemplateed. There are immodest important concerns of “modernity” introduce in 15 Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys. These are: 1. Environment. Modernity in the environment is one way through which entitys aid to liberty the suitable plant. Natives are somehow aspiration for the spent but it was already alterd or bybygone separate owing of new-fashionedity 2. Education. Natives transmit their manifebusiness in sophisticated schools for the close principle on facilities and this yields them vision. 3. Natives entity in predilectioned to new-fashionedity. They enjoy this opinion that entity in predilectioned to new-fashionedity would average lots of opportunities and 4. Gambling as collective immorality. Modernity in gambling could loftyly illusion that in freedom age and collectionstyle of suitables nowadays, “modernity” is introduce The concept of new-fashionedity executes us lowerstand that the introduce is discontinuous delay the spent, than through a system of collective and cultural alter, collection in the introduce is fundamentally contrariant mould the spent. These dittys execute us value that new-fashionedity loftyly affects us entitys that we enjoy accommodateed through the system of alter due to “modernity”. This era has already authorized themselves delay new-fashionedity in this condition, the spent is no longer introduce or enthusiasmnear ways in the spent sloth fades and rustic fortune had been attracted to yield in sophisticated areas for opportunities and close principle on facilities. Tuition is a marginalized province but its alter due to “modernity” is not felt by all. Further lore is as-courteous recommended for the amend lowerstanding of “modernity’s” pi in Contemporary Kinaray-a dittys. Works Cited Books Binirayan ’08: Manggad nga Antiqeno, Paranublion kang Filipino. Special Scholarly Issue Binirayan 2007: Cultivation and Arts Issue. Published by Binirayan Foundation, Inc. 2/F Antique Development Center MAARAM: Studies on Antique, University of San Agustin, edited by Alex C. Delos Santos. Copyright©2003 by Paranublion-Antique,Inc. Delos Santos, Alex. The Mollify of Kinaray-a: Hifable and Anthology of Contemporary Tuition in Antique, 2003. Selden, Raman, Peter Widdowson, and Peter Brooker. A Reader’s Guide to Contemporary Scholarly Theory. 4th ed. Vast Britain:Prentice Hall/Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1997 Bhaba, Homi K. ”’Race’and the Revision of Modernity. ”Postcolonoial Criticisms. Eds. Pertierra, Raul. The Exertion of Culture. Manila:De la Salle University Press,Inc. 002 Electronic Sources http://www. kinaray-a. com/content/category/5/16/75/50/0/ http://www. kinaray-a. com/content/section/5/36/ http://www. google. com. ph/search? hl=tl&q=kinaray-a+poetry&meta= http://members. tripod. com/~adsantos/index_3. html http://nening. com/panay. html http://www. kinaray-a. com/component/option,com_fireboard/Itemid,155/func,view/catid,17/id,9495/ http://members. tripod. com/~adsantos/tabig. html http://www. fanstory. com/index1. jsp? pt=1&gclid=CPHXpdeX_pUCFQLObwod0QMtEw Appendix Laragway (Florentina Egida) Pintahan mo ako kang bukid Mga kahoy gapaindis-indis. Pintahan mo ako kang banglid Nga ang kilid bukut it pud-is. Kay daw sa damgo ko lang dya nakita. Pintahan mo ako kang sapa Nga may kristal nga tubig. Pintahan mo ako kang suba; Tubig nga matin-aw 'gailig. Kay man sa damgo ko lang dya makita. Himuan mo kang kapatagan; Mga tanum sa hangin gasaot. Ibutang mo ang kadagatan; Mag isda gapisik sa lawod. Kay daw sa damgo ko run lang dya makita. Halin kay Nanay (Ma. Felicia Flores) Inday, Nagsungon gid ikaw Wara kami dayon kapadara Buhay mabaton ang sulat Hay nagbaha ang suba Nautod ang tulay Kulang ang padara Ang tanum napyerde kang insekto Kag kulang ang abono. Ang baynte kabanes Nga atun naani Buhinan pa pulo ka sako Bayad sa alili. Pero pabay-i lang 'ra Hugud lang sa pagtuon mo. Paglatas kang handum ( Ma. Felicia Flores) Indi namun ikaw ni Tatay mo pagpunggan Ano man abi ang imo mangin paraabuton rugya sa uma Wara man kami ti inogpanubli kanimo maski sampingas Naman-an mo man nga ang atun gid lamang ginapanag-iyahan Ang dyang hayub-hayub Mayad lang gani ginapaistar kita rugya nanday Mistra Pila kag Pitan Bonoy sa andang bantud nga libre Sa imong pagpanaw ang solo namun nga pabalon Sangka himpit nga parangadium nga kabay sa syudad Indi ikaw magtalang. Iliili kang Manugpatad (Ma. Milagros Geremia-Lachica) Iliili hipus anay Wara rugya imong tatay Rugto sa banwa Nagpatad sa delayedri Iliili basi may swirti Iliili turog anay Nag-abot run imong tatay Ti kamusta ano ang igu? Dimalas gid ang sabat Mapatad ta liwat Iliili damgo anay Ihani dayon sa imong tatay Linugaw nga sangka yahong? Orim buk ang pamangkutan kon may numiro nga kombinasyon Iliili hipus run lang Sigi ubusa imong suam Bisan samuan pa Ka marahalun nga gatas Ang linugaw nga imong ginpahamgo Bantayi lang kon magtupa Swirti natun sa numiro. Hinugot sa support card (Jose Edison C. Tondares) Kang nag-abot ikaw Halin sa syudad Rugya sa amun sa Igcococ, Raku ang nagkuon nga swerte gid Ang bata ko nga si Labtug. Kon maglatay kaw gani Sa mga kahon sa tunga kang parayan, Daw hinugot ikaw Sa nagainaw-inaw nga support card. Debwenas gid ang bata ko Sagad man ikaw magraha Bisan pa abi makita ta ikaw Nga nagahibi bisan nagakihad kang sibuyas. Mauti ikaw kag raku ang imo malabhan. Kamaan man ikaw magsagod Kang inyong kasapatan. Nagatuontuon run gani ikaw Ka pananum kag pangarab. Kon mag-abot si Labtug Nga lingin halin sa pihak-baryo Ginasibinan mo kag paislan. Kang ang inyong subang Nagabahul nga mayad ang batasan. Bilang imo ugangan, Wara run ako ti masugyot pa kanimo. Tuduhi lang abi kaun Hay daw nagahagwus ikaw. Strit Ekis (Jose Edison C. Tondares) Ay tabang! Tabang! May nagbungguanay Dali! Ha? Ano gani ang numero Kang dugo? Kang traysikel tana? Ay! ay nagbusong! Ay abaw! Ano? May nagabusong pa! Sige! Abaya sa numero! Srit ekis! Pulo ang patad. Ay tabang! Tabang! Ay abaw Sugidanun (Lucena C. Tondares) Mayuhut nga karne Akon ginligon-ligon Daw parehas lang Ka binuy-an mo Nga sugidanum: Mapait Pero akun gintulun. Sulat (Ma. Milagros Geremia- Lachica) Nay, Nabuy-an ko ang imo sulat pagdawu kang kartero Tuman gali ka bug-at bisan sampanid lamang ang malauring nga tinta tama ka siri Seguro nagtagos sa lamesa mo sa kusina Pero sa ubus kang papel Naglubad ang iban nga mga tinaga Daw mga isla kon turukun Ginpangita kon diin nayon ang Antique Nay, indi ko run mabasa ang sulat mo Raku pa nga isla ang nagturuhaw Mapuno run ang pahina Kon ano man ang sugid mo sundere kay Tatay Kag akun mga libayon Kaluy-an sanda kang Dios Nay, indi run ako pagsulati Indi run natun pagpaayawan ang kartero Kinii ang paggamit kang tinta Agud indi mamantsahan ang lamesa mo sa kusina Kag ang mga isla Indi ko gust nga makita ruman. Nagapalangga, Ang imo anak. Ang Tumuluon (Genevieve C. Arnaez) Balde gid an bitbit ko Surudlan kang sinaw nga sabat Sa paramangkutanun ga daw mga bagtuk nga nagalabugay Sa akun paminsarun. Pag-abot ko sa inyo Sangka tasun kang labaab Nga master's exquiresidence Ang gindawu mo. Namit gid man ang immanent Bisan sabor kang sara-sara, Malipatan mo. Garing hay, Wara gid naglugdang Ang mga lagtuk Sa akun pensar, Nagtubo pa ang nerbyos ko. Patadyong (Linda Casalan Arnaez) duyan ni nini kg nonoy, ubit ni lola Puroy ni ontoy kag palda ni akay, kurtina kang mga daraga dekorasyon sa simbahan, hapin sa lamesa kang banwa layg kang baruto, kon mankayun sa iban nga isda gintractable ikaw sa nasari-sari nga hilo kang pagkatawo may pula, may asul may bierde, may kaki may itum kag may puti ya tanan nagapabutyag kang imong kapinasahi kon kaisa, wara naga ararangay ang imo mga duag pero katingalahan, nagapabilin kaw nga maanyag kabay nga duro pa gid ang magasuksuk sa kanimo Kinaray-a. Com- patadyong kang Antikenyo. Tag-ururan (Francisco Javier III) Nagbilin kang danaw ang uran Sa salug makita ang langit Ang luha ni nanay sangka dagat Naga hiribiun para sa atup San-o ayhan mamara kang adlaw Ang luha kag uran Dyoker ay (Ma. Milagros Geremia- Lachica) Nay, indi run magpautang Si manding Sibya ano bay idapli namun! Tsariti! Ay linti nga bata Duro pa to' asin sa kuron Panaw, sabad Pong! Labay man akun Ano bay kuon ni Pasang Hay may dara si Idok na Nga Sibwana kuno? Todas! Atun-atun lang d'ta Piro bati ko Tri mants insayd kuno? Sikrit! M're buslan 'ta kaw Uli 'to anay Nalingin kuno si Polding mo Todas! Yawa nga bana akun ra Sagasa! Dyoker ay! Sa Kinaray-a (Reymar B. Gallego) Kita tanan nagkilalahay rudya sa kinaray-a Sa isara ka matahom nga pag-updanay nag-umpisa Sa una kung ikaw wara ti kilala Separate ang standing kag magabatyag kang kaluya. Una nga pamankot, taga diin ikaw amigo kag amiga? Kay ako gust sa imo magpakilala. Ang huya ginabuhinan kung kaisa Kay ang luyag magkasadya imaw sa mga kasimanwa. Kun ikaw bata pa sa iba nga nakilala Manong kag manang ang respeto nga pagtawag kananda Kag kung ang istorya medyo madalom na nilag principle anay ikaw hija. May nanay kag tatay kita rudya, pero hindi mag-asawa Pero ginkabig kita tanan nga myembro ka pamilya May lolo nga ginabayaan ni lola Pero asta tulad ana ginahigugma. May mga tita pa kita rudya sa kinaray-a Nga wara pag untat sa paghigugma sa mga kasimanwa Bisan gamay lang nga oras magalingling pa Makita lang nga mayad ang mga pinalangga da. Ang harakhak kang isara kag isara wara pag-untat Kun linabutaw ron ang topiko Makapahagan-hagan ka sakit sa ulo kag completiona Ang mga manami nga pag-inistorya Pero kon seryoso ron ang paga-adtonan Hindi gid madura nga paghigugma ang paga-istoryahan Mga laygay ni manong kag ni manang Patiha ninyo kay para ria sa inyo kaaraydan. Kon kamo man magabatyag kang kaluya log in lang kamo sa kinaray-a Istoryaha si amigo kag amiga kag rudya duro gwapo kag gwapa. Mga kinaray-a ja nagtiriripon may halin sa Dubai kag may sa London Ang iban dyan lang sa San Jose ukon Patnongon Ang importante kita tanan maghiriugyon. Ra Tana! (Stephen Checa) Ang awto kag ang karusa Rayu gid kun ikumpara ta Ang tanda kag suruklan dya Pangabuhi sa syudad kag uma Sa pagpanglugayawan kang tawo Halin sa uma sa syudad paadto Pagginawi kag hambal ginabaylo Tungod nga ginakahuya didto Kinaray-a, ano bala ri-a? Tawag sa paghambal sa uma Nga kun mabatian gani kang iba Nagakuon... Baw! Kabuki gid ah! San Jaoquin, Miag-ao, Guimbal, Tigbauan Sipak sa Igbaras, Leon kag Tubungan Deretso sa san Miguel kag Alimodian Ilabi sa Antique kun imo adtunan Karay-a imukrat ang imo mga mata Panghambal mo indi pag-ikahuya Magpakamalig-on, ipakita kananda Ang pat-ud nga mga ebidensya; Tama gid karayu ang “ayam” sa “ido” Pero kun may alog kanimo magpatudlo “Mangangaso”, ano ang tawag sa inyo? Indi pwede “mangingido”, kag pat-ud “mangangayam” isabat mo Amon “busong”, tawag ninyo “tiyan” Sa bayi, kang bata pagasudlan “Nagabusong” ang tinaga dyan Indi man pwede tawgun “nagatiyan' Lakat ka “tiil” panaw kaw “kahig” sa pagtugpo kang manok ikaw magbulig Indi kaw gid pwede “magpatiil” Hay sa bulangan ang tawag “pakahig” Sa imo pag-uli ikaw gutom run Ang “pagluto” ukon “pagraha” himuon Kag sa diin ikaw magaprito kang isda Sa “kaluto” ukon sa “karaha”? Gani Sta. Barbara, Maasin, Mina Kag sa Antique nga probinsiya Aton hambal ginasunod-sunod nanda Magtindog kag ipabugal ta.... Kita mga...... KARAY-A!!!!!! Ang Ginawali sa Atlantic City (Ma. Milagros Geremia-Lachica) New Jersey, USA Pinasahi ang bagting ka mga simbahan elihiyon ka swerte ang ginawali kang mga kaparian kang kapalaran sa Caesars, Trump Marina, Sands, Taj Mahal uko Borgata daragkul nga mga katedral nagairigpat, nagapanghagad sa mga tumuluo sa paghalad pagnobena kag pafsimba sa altar ka mga slot machines kag baraha; Sa dya'ng mga simmbahan ang mga misa wara't katapusan adlaw-adlaw sanda bukas sa byente kwatro oras kag handa gid sa pagbaton mga pangamuyo kag pag-ampo halin sa mga bulsa nga daw indi matungkad ang kadalum ugaring sa urihi, amat-amat man nga naganabaw Parehas kang pagkanabaw kang dya'ng relihiyon nga napasad, bukut sa bato kundi sa pagsipal sa swerte nga ginadamgo.