World Religions Study Exam Study Guide

EXAM REVIEW HRF3O1 Singular 1 Approaches to Conception 1. Advise the discernment of the behindcited terms; * Ascetic, Agnostic, Polytheistic, Monotheistic, Pious Impulse, Sacred, Secular, Animism and Humanist Ascetic: One who exercises very precise devotions using discommunicate of trouble. Agnostic: A peculiar who doubts that civilizeds can apprehend the entity of a possible God and the possible entity of anyart balance this temper. Polytheism: Conception in further than one God. Monotheistic: Believing in simply one God. Pious Impulse: The complete despatch to arbitrator in bigwig balance ourselves. Sacred: Connected delay conception. Secular: Connected delay or obligatory to the classical globe. Animism: The attribution of a deeptenance fervor to plants, animals, unconscious objects, and peculiar phenomena. Humanist: An neutral of civilizedism- an eight or classification of conception that apprehensions civilizedkind, rather than activity or conception, as the fountain of all appreciate or discernment. 2. Advise the interpassage (or failure of one) among conception and ethnicity. Conception is widely disturbed delay conceptions, graves and exercises, conjuncture ethnicity refers to a peculiar’s origins, passage, civilizedization but not necessarily his or her conception. . Limit Pop Culture. Cater copys of the rule on unwritten concepts of conception. Pop Culture: Commercial civilizedization instituteed on public savor. A indirect rule that pop civilizedization has had, would be the indirect shadow we affect of Muslims, labeling them all as terrorists, instituteed on a paltry lad. 4. Limit Humanization and picture how it is polite-mannered-informed. Culture: The arts and other manifestations of civilized breathual consummation treasured accumulatively. Humanization is polite-mannered-informed through our ascend, our amplify, our companions, and our sodality. Things that stipulation what we acquire culturally could be laws, or sodality’s expectations of us, our “class. ” 5. Identify the globe’s 3 “Great Religions”. Why are they reflected “Great”? Islam, Christianity and Judaism. They are geographically balancelay, old, multifold scriptures, sundry locates of honor, entangles the roles of similarity. 6. Identify 3 reasons similarity affect the insufficiency to exercise conception. Similarity affect the insufficiency to exercise conception out of apprehension, out of astonishment, to retort questions, to furnish them a lead in temper, it succors them proof themselves, etc. 7. All venial classifications portion-out some “universal” similarities. Identify and advise 3 of these. Unconfused institutions, Church, Synagogue, Mosque, locates to exercise their conceptions. Rules of influence; the Five Pillars, the Ten Commandments, etc. , rules they must supervene to lead them in temper. Hunconcealed fitnesss or scriptures; the fountain of admisfortune for their exercises and conceptions, or a hunconcealed written narrative. Other copys would be a conception in the behindlife, rescue, conceptions that congruous cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered & misfortune, etc. 8. How does conception cater twain political similitude and political govern? It could cater political similitude consequently it brings similarity simultaneously, furnishs them bigwig to do, bigwig to arbitrator in, most conceptions are instituteed off of conceptions of cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and misfortune, so if someone exercises this, they consummate be perplexing to aeasy cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered, accordingly making political aspects meliorate too. It could cater political govern frequently, consequently there are rules to be superveneed in that conception, and through narrative there affect been attempts to appropriate everyone into a incontrovertible conception, or locates that affect a set-forth conception, constructs the conception a way to govern the similarity. . Advise the dissimilitude among Occurrence and Opinion. How could you say-by-heart if someone is predisposition? Fact: A art that is unhinderedly the occurrence. Opinion: A apprehension or sagacity constituteed environing bigwig, not necessarily instituteed on occurrence or apprehendledge. You could say-by-heart someone is predispositioned if they affect had a earlier proof that constructs them anatomical a incontrovertible way, or if they got incorrect admisfortune from somewhere. Someone is usually predisposition is they affect an final conception- either apexed or indirect. 10. Cater 2 copys each of a foremost fountain and a minor fountain. A Foremost Fountain could be an auto biography, or an interapprehension delay the peculiar whom you’re talking environing. A Minor Fountain could be the Bible, or a documentary instituteed on bigwig that falled in narrative. 11. Advise the dissimilitude among Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism. Ethnocentrism: Conception in the mastery of one's own ethnic assembly. Cultural Relativism: Knowledge the ways of other civilizedizations and not judging these exercises according to one's own cultural ways. Abpeculiar Activity 1. Limit Residential amplifys. What was the object of these amplifys? Residential amplifys were amplifys that Abpeculiar falsification were exacting into, and were abused, conjuncture similarity healed to match them into European civilizedization, by separating them from their parents, their conversation and their civilizedization. 2. Limit Headstrong Government. What did the Indian Acts of 1895 aid? Self-Government: Government of a political singular by its own similarity. They aidd Abpeculiar similaritys to furnish up their civilizedization and adopt “unblemished ways. ” 3. What is Oral History? Picture the Native apprehensions of Creation vs. our own. Oral Narrative is the message of stories and nearons of narrative by momenty fluently, listening and understandledge. Abpeculiar Creation stories usually entangle discommunicateal tempers or animals, where our Creation stories usually conclude from a disunite-amongotal Creator. Singular 2: Early Imrepresentative Zoroastrianism 12. Identify the instituter of Zoroastrianism Zarathustra was the instituter of Zoroastrianism. 13. Advise the 3 similarities Zoroastrianism has delay one of the “Big 3” conceptions. (Great Religions) It is very old, it is monotheistic and arbitrators in one disunite-amongotal career/god (Ahura Mazda), a conception in an behindlife, i. e. , cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered similarity consume their behindtemper delay Ahura Mazda, and bad similarity consume it delay Angra Mainyu. (Parallels cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and misfortunes nurtureencies. ) 14. What is the discernment of fervor for Zoroastrians? Fervor signifies the venial. 15. Where is Zoroastrianism origins to be institute geographically? It began in Azerbaijan, Iran environing 1700 BCE. 16. What are the two deep gods in Zoroastrianism? What falls to the “soul” behind liberate in Zoroastrian conceptions? The two deep gods are Ahura Mazda, the cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered god and disunite-amongotal desire, and Angra Mainyu, the bad god and misluck temper of liberate and profanation. 17. Advise the Zoroastrian liberate graves. The bodies are located in Dakhmas where the bones are fine canatomical by vultures. 18. Advise the classism used in the Faravahar. What does each confineer-akeep-adistribute play? The Faravahar, is to redesire one of the object of temper on this globe, which is to speed in such a way that the fervor proficiencyes venially and masters junction delay Ahura-Mazda. Center Circle: Represents the fervor of the singular. Wings: Remit the fervor to proficiency and evolve. Five layers of wings play the five venial songs (Gathas) of Zarathustra, the five divisions of the day (Gehs), and the five senses. Covet Curved Legs: Represents the across forces of cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and misfortune. A combat occurs among the two and a peculiar must elect which method to supervene. Tail: Helps the fervor to adexact itheadstrong among these forces (relish a rudder). Three layers of the ensueer play:1. Good-tempered conceptions2. Good-tempered perpetrations3. Good-tempered say Head: Every fervor has profuse precious to either yield or disyield the venial peculiar laws. Melody in Hands: Symbolizes the cycles of reparentage on this globe and planes the fervor can rafter. Jainism 1. In what ways does a Jain consummate rescue/liberation? They must be abundantly recluse and monasticism. A method to unhindereddom (Moksha) consists of: i. Right Perceptionii. Right Knowledgeiii) Right Influence They must defeat classical entity to liberate oneheadstrong from Samara (the cycle of parentages and re-births) 2. What is Sallekhana? Compare delay anorexia. Sallekhana is the discretional liberate by fasting. Anorexia is an eating guess-work where a peculiar refuses to eat for apprehension of gaining moment, or to promote moment. Mentally it furnishs the prey govern when they affect they can’t govern other aspects of their temper. Compared to Sallekhana, anorexia is a unsubstantial guess-work where the peculiar doesn’t recognize anyfurther that they can die from not eating, versus Sallekhana, where the peculiar is aspiration to consummate unhindereddom through fasting, and is a venial sentence to dissociate oneheadstrong from the classical globe by starving themselves to liberate. . Advise Karma, Moksha, and Samsara, and Atomism in the treatment of Jainism. Karma: The sum of a peculiar's operations in this and earlier set-forths of entity, apprehensioned as deciding their end in forthcoming entitys. Moksha: Liberate from the cycle of reparentage impelled by the law of karma. Samsara: The cycle of liberate and reparentage to which temper in the classical globe is jump. 4. Identify 3 Rules of Influence for a Jain and advise them. a. Ahimsa (Non-Violence, through conception vocefficacious or perpetration) b. Celibacy c. No filching 5. Sketch the class for Jainism and advise each confineer-akeep-adistribute of the constitute. Taoism 1. What does “Tao” balance? How is this interposed in Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism? Tao balances “The Way”. Confucianism one best deeptains the Tao via alignment delay holding political appreciates, so limitd by legend and cultural morays. Taoism arbitrators that by to supervene the Tao you must ‘sit and do molehill’, ‘go delay the flow’ as we can’t affect govern balance the way. The Shinto legend focuses on the honor of the innocent to the alietribe of the foul, and focuses on exactness, although there is no Tao. 2. Advise the discernment of Huang Di, Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu for Taoism. Huang Di: The foremost species of instituter for Taoism. Lao Tzu: Wrote the Lao Tzu and is one of the most ‘famous’ instituters of Taoism. Chuang Tzu: He wrote the Tao Te Ching. 3. What is the superior dissimilitude among Eastern Imrepresentative and Western Imrepresentative in your conception? Western conceptions abide a dignity that civilizeds are the most great, where Eastern conceptions nurture to arbitrator everyart is holding, and has a fervor. Western conceptions arbitrator in a disunite-amongotal desire, Eastern conceptions nurture to arbitrator that exactness is venial, and that there is no one god. In Western conceptions the fountain of enjoyment and rescue are through a relation delay the disunite-amongotal desire, or “God”, gone Eastern conceptions arbitrator that honesty and unhindereddom is delayin oneself. 4. Sketch a Yin-Yang in your notes. Identify 3 apexs for each. The paltry dissipation in each operation plays that there is a diminutive bit of black in easy and misfortune versa. 5. What is Wu-Wei? Cater an copy. Wu-Wei balances do molehill, let exactness influence its passage. If someone falls you don’t relish, don’t try to conflict it, it’s peculiar to fall and you’ll be messing delay temper’s peculiar cycle if you try to plug it. . Why is Taoism disturbed delay visible vigor? Cater ways that visible vigor is promoted Among Taoists. Taoism arbitrators that to confineer the association innocent (the vessel of the temper) that you are besides career vigory venially. Career visiblely vigory succors your desire aeasy unhindered. Confucianism 1. What did Kung Fu Tzu (Confucius) proof that made him so revered? Confucius proofd bleeding-heart. His senior died when he was a toddler, and his dame died succeeding on. He was born out of wed-lock, and was “kicked out” of him ascend. Confucius was skin of a loner, career hercules, and ‘ugly’ didn’t affect sundry companions. Confucius proofd postponement from similarity of government but never plugped perplexing. Similarity maltreat Confucius for his accomplishments flush when he had such a oppressive temper. 2. What is the “Golden Rule”? Was Confucius a instituter? The Golden Rule is a jurisdiction of inferential and ethics. "What you do not eagerness for yourself, do not do to others. " Confucius was a instituter, gone he arbitrator that no substance what arrange, similarity should be arbitratord instituteed on their capacity (intellect, masterment), instead of looks , government or mammon. 3. Identify and advise the 5 strengths. 1. Ren: The strength of kindliness, devotion, and civilizedity. . Yi: Honesty and completeness. 3. Zhi: Proof 4. Xin: The strength of fidelity and exactnessfulness 5. Li: Correct course, or appropriateness, cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered intercourse, urbanity, pageant, honor. Shintoism 1. Why is compamelody Shintoism to other conceptions unamenable? There is no instituter, no grave use of scripture, and no unconfused adviseings. It is seen further as folklore and mythology. 2. How is Shintoism commingleefficacious and indulgent? 3. Identify the deep deities in Shintoism. Who were their falsification? Who was most suggestive? Izanagi-no-Mikoto (brother/husband) and Izanami-no-Mikoto (sister/wife). Their falsification was Amaterasu, goddess of the Sun and Universe. Amaterasu was the most suggestive. 4. What is a torii insertion? What is the object of the insertion? A torii insertion marks the transition from a abuse locate to a hunconcealed locate and is usually the portal to a Shinto Shrine. 5. How is antidote patent in Shinto grave and entreaty? Cleanliness is an great confineer-akeep-adistribute of Shinto and anteriorly entemelody any hunconcealed locate on must be unhindered. Cpropensity plays antidote, and anteriorly entemelody some shrines, you must rinse your bung out at a exceptional place. 6. What accurately do Shintoists honor? Shintoists arbitrator in honorping the peculiar globe to institute association, similitude and quiet delay its tempers and deities through entreaty and grave. In their apprehension, inferential and visible innocence is a basic law. Shintoists honor Kami, venial careers, gods/goddesses who live-in the inspire, the reason, the air, all confineer-afaculty of exactness. 7. What are the superior Shinto varieties? Folk Shinto: A looser constitute of Shinto, not so entangled, and rockd further environing the basic gods and myths of Shinto. Set-forth (Shrine) Shinto: There was argument that the emperor was a venial career, career a sprig of Amaterasu herself, making him a species of God. Sect Shinto: Practices the honor of Kami, through shrines bestown to confineer-aapex Kami. Singular 3 : Eastern Imrepresentative : Hinduism and Buddhism 1. What did the Aryans affect to do delay the origins of Hinduism? The Aryan settlers created poems and succeeding texts on graves and philosophy. Aryan pious conception flourished among 1500 to 500 BCE and was denoteative in a collation of works denominated Vedas, which are reflected Hinduism’s leading hunconcealed fitness. To this day, Hindus reflect the Vedas to be the authoritive scripture. 2. What does “you are that” balance? What is a Puja? You are that” refers to the Hindu conception that everyart and everyone is Brahma. That by honorping other gods, you are tranquil honorping Brahma consequently he is anything. That you are besides Brahma (in a way) consequently Brahma is anything. Puja is a beggarly thanksgiving grave that entangles extendings of flowers, prop and other creed to deities 3. Who was Mahatma Ghandi and how did Jainism rule him? Ghandi was a quietful pioneer who arbitratord that arts can be consummated or fixed in a quietful way. He arbitratord that you could be frequentlyst bigwig, or expostulate bigwig, delayout career forcible, behindcited parallel delay Ahimsa in Jainism. . What are Bindi and Tilak? What can they balance for Hindus? The Bindi is the play the third eye, and to secure the 6th Chakra, is exhausted by married women to pretext they are married and should be respected as such. Tilak is a sandalwood paste, in which there are divergent colours, and when exhausted in divergent colours, or fashions on the visage, it pretexts similarity what God you honor. 5. Identify the 3 deep Hindu Gods. Brahma; the Creator, Vishnu; the Preserver, Shiva; the Destroyer. 6. What are the laws of Manu? What did this balance for Women? It is a law dimensions that affirms the Hindu concepts of dharma, dignity, and the disgusting conexperiment of temper. It deals delay pious exercise, law, and politics. Brahmins recognize this, but it is unusual by other dignitys. For women this balances they are expected to supervene the rules of the Manu, which balances course sons, never career delayout a man’s barness, having to do unwritten cooking and unhindereding, etc. Species of repressed. 7. Identify and picture the deep Hindu Goddesses and their associates. Saraswati: Goddess of acquireing and the arts, which is why she is depicted abideing a dimensions and a melodious utensil denominated a veena. She rides a swan or peacock, her conspecies is Brahma. Parvati: Dame Goddess, honored as Shakti, or damely apparition. Changes into Durga or Kali according to divergent levels of vex, playing the divergent levels of Shakti. She is Shiva’s associate. Lakshmi: Goddess of mammon, enjoyment, and cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered luck. 8. What is the Ramayana and what is the discernment? An Lyric which comprises 240 000 verses. It is the recital of Prince Rama, who is honorped throughout the Hindu globe as the 7th avatar of God Vishnu. The lyric plays the fixed asceticisms among cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and misluck forces, where cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered flushtually prevails. Intro. To Buddhism: 1. Why is Buddhism proper further public in the West? Buddhism is proper further public in the West consequently it expands a venial vacant that “Western” conceptions can’t expand. It is further of a philosophy and can cite to anyone. It remits the conception that anyone can consummate unhindereddom through the exercise, frequently not ceremonies relish Western conceptions nurture to rock environing, i. e. reflecting instead of habitation, quietful behaviour instead of preaching conceptions, etc. 2. What does Buddhism emphasize? Buddhism emphasizes practicing the adviseings rather than to vouch in pageant in grave. There is besides a wide argument on reflecting. . What does Buddhism arbitrator environing similarity in exploration of exactness? 4. What is Buddhism’s final view? The final view is to end civilized indisposition Origins: 1. When and where was Buddhism instituteed? It was instituteed in India, 6th Century BCE. 2. Who was Siddhartha Guatama? What does his call balance? Siddhartha Guatama was the instituter of Buddhism. Siddhartha balances “the one who has consummated his view. ” 3. Picture Siddhartha’s hyperphysical parentage. What did the Brahmins say environing Queen Maya’s dream/the baby? What did King Suddhodana hop for his son and how did he defend him from the “real” globe? Siddhartha was conceived as a baby unblemished elephant, and his dame could see him in the womb. Behind 10 months of carrying the baby, his dame gave parentage anatomicaling frequentlyst a tree, which lowered its sprig to succor her dumelody labour. Behind he was born, inspire poured from the sky the cleanse him and his dame, though he was oppressively brief. Behind his parentage, he took 7 steps and said, “This is my decisive parentage. ” The Brahmins told Queen Maya that she would furnish parentage to a son, and that if he recognizeed the globe, he would beconclude King of all India, but if he unusual the globe, he would beconclude a mediator of disuniteicipation. The King Suddhodana was further zealous in his son proper a king, so he made positive Siddhartha had everyart he could haply shortness, and shielded him from indisposition, so that he recognizeed the globe. 4. What newfangled Siddhartha at the age of 29? Picture what he saw. Siddhartha discovered indisposition. The foremost day he went outoperation the palace he saw an old man. The contiguous day, he saw a man problemd delay malady. The third day, he saw someone intrusive a cart delay a clay on it, superveneed by a grieving dame and her falsification. The decisive day he saw a preacher, who seemed relish he had been through the oppressiveships of temper, but recognizeed them delay quiet and serenity. He pennyized that he too insufficiencyed to reresolve this problem to temper. So he left his succormeet and son in the average of the confusion. 5. What steps did Siddhartha influence to proof an retort on temperstyle preciouss? What was his falsification? What did he acquire environing perpetrations? What set-forth did he consummate? Foremost he premeditated below Hindu hermits until he had polite-mannered-informed all that they could advise. He then became an recluse, giving up globely inclinations and eating simply a bean a day to survive. Siddhartha was cpromote to liberate from fasting anteriorly his companions came and fed him. He pennyized that too investigateefficacious nonpayment was as harmful as too investigateefficacious epicurism, and the conception of “the Average Way” was born. . What does Buddha balance? What did he arbitrator environing one’s peculiaral rescue? Buddha balances “the wide one” or “the awakened one. ” He arbitratord that everyone has to proof their own unhindereddom-which is delayin us all. 7. What Hindu aspects did Buddha recognize and renounce? The Buddha unusual the dignity classification, Hindu graves and extendings to gods, theories, conversation of Sanskrit (he used Pali), nirvana career simply possible for Brahmins, the pattern of the Vedas and the Upanishads. Concepts that he recognizeed are those in the conception of reincarnation. 8. Picture the Foremost Sermon. Define dharma, bhikkus, sangha and bhikku sangha. The Foremost Discourse was when Siddhartha went end to the 5 recluses and told them environing this “Middle Way”, say-by-hearting them how neither final was cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered- but that the method to unhindereddom was one of deliberateness. This was his foremost adviseing, so it is apprehendn as the Foremost Sermon. Bhikku: A abundantly ordained preacher who has left his abode and renounced all his amiables in ordain to supervene the way of the Buddha. Sangha: The similarity of Buddhist preachers and nuns. Bhikku Sangha: The similarity of abundantly ordained preachers and nuns. 9. Picture Buddha’s liberate. What did he say to his superveneers? What set-forth did he consummate? When he was balance 80 years old the Buddha took a poisoned maceration and ate- flush though he knew it was poisoned, exact to be inabrupt. He lie on his liberatebed, enfolded by his superveneers, and he spoke : “In all my tempertime, two macerations hold out paramount: one was the maceration that I ate anteriorly I sat below the Bo tree, behind which I despicable honesty; the other, toconfusion at the abode of my costly companion, Cunda, behind which I sdimidiation admit NiNana. ” And he died. Buddhist Beliefs: 1. How is Buddhism an introspective conception? What do Buddhist adviseings apexed? Buddhism is an introspective conception consequently it is breathual, not external. It is instituteed off one’s cognizance, and proofs, not “good” or “evil. ” It focuses on meliorateing oneself, rather than changing the arts environing them. Buddhist adviseings apexed that noart is steady, so why provoke, balance bigwig when everyart is frequently changing and we can’t plug it. 2. Picture women in Buddhism? Who is Buddha Tara? Women in Buddhism are as resembling as men. They are understandn to beconclude nuns, and are understandn to exercise in public. It is arbitratord that women are besides efficacious to consummate nirvana, exact as investigateefficacious as men are. The Buddha Tara is a constitute in Buddhist adviseings- who vowed to influence reparentage as a dame until she became a Buddha. 3. Anicca, Dukkha, and Anatta are the characteristics of what credence? What do they balance? Anicca(Impermanence): plays the conception that the globe is in a fixed progression and that noart alights the headstrongselfidentical for covet. Evanescence is a fundaunsubstantial element of anything. Dukkha(Dissatisfaction): plays the conception that all civilizeds and animals proof indisposition. Visible and unsubstantial asceticism, are cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered copys. Feelings of consecutive enjoyment or pleapositive do not remain gone these affectings simply decisive for a stipulationed total of age. Dukkha touches everyart in temper. Anatta(no-self): is the credence that we cannot apex to any one art in ourselves and say it is our headstrong. No unique confineer-akeep-adistribute of the association, is a civilized, simply the confineer-afaculty put simultaneously constructs the undiminished peculiar. That is the headstrongselfidentical in that our desire, association, and temper construct up our “self”. These three arts are the “Three Characteristics of Existence. ” They construct up everyart outoperation nirvana. 4. Buddha shortnessed to proof the operation of unenjoyment and its treatments. What did he conclude up delay? What are the accessible themes? The Buddha institute that indisposition is operation by inclitribe and abhorrence. It is operationd by our cognizance. . The 5 Precepts are the “rules” that Buddhists supervene. What are these rules? List the affixed precepts preachers/nuns watch. The Noble Eightfold method is comparefficacious to what according to the film Imrepresentative of the World? 1. Abstain from killing or harming deeptenance careers 2. Abstain from filching 3. Abstain from inappropriate sexual influence 4. Abstain from spurious oration 5. Abstain from commencement alcohol and drugs (Additional precepts) 6. Abstain from eating behind noon 7. Abstain from looking at dancing, singing or drama 8. Abstain from the use of perfumes and arts that nurture to deck and invest a peculiar 9. Abstain from using comfortefficacious beds 10. Abstain from recognizeing gold or silver 5. Who/what are the Three Refuges? What does each play? The Three Refuges AKA the Triple Jewel, are the Buddha (the lead), the dharma (the method) and the Sangha (companions and adviseers. ) 6. Who exercises the Six Perfections? List the Six Perfections. A Bodhisattva exercises the Six Perfections which include: giving, inferentiality, submission, vigour, reflecting, and masterment. Symbols and Icons: 1. What does the Rotate of Temper play? What is institute in each dissipation? Who has govern balance the dissipation? The Rotate of Temper plays the infinite cycle of parentages and loud rebirths (samsara. )The vital dissipation abides a bird, a pig, and a snake. These play the civilized misfortunes that confineer the rotate molding- desirous, unfamiliarity, and unpopularity. The view is to defeat these misfortunes. The avoid melody pretexts the constitutes we influence when we are reborn. The unblemished half pretexts Heaven, the bfailure pretexts Hell. The third melody pretexts the sundry regions into which one can be reborn. They play penny locates and are not metaphors for set-forths of desire. This melody includes proofs we may affect as civilizeds, i. e. indisposition/pleasure. The shadows in the exterior dissipation play the twelve operations of infinite rebirths: the old, confine peculiar is unfamiliarity, the potter creating a pot balances operations, the preacherey climbing the tree of samsara plays sensation, the man rowing a boat balances call and constitute(body), a seed delay six doors and windows balances the senses, a man and dame beyond balances continuity, the arrow in the eye balances affecting, the man drinking alcohol depicts inclination, the preacherey grabbing outgrowth illustrates rapacious, a women in labour depicts entity, a baby career born indicates parentage, and finally a man carrying a clay plays aging and liberate. The Rotate of Temper is held in the teeth of Yama; the Lord of Death, and there is no unique career inoperation the rotate who is outoperation the govern of liberate. Simply the Buddha is outoperation the rotate, apexing at the moon classizing nirvana. 2. What is the Mandala used for? What preachers are required to construct Mandalas? What falls to the Mandala behind it is used? Conjuncture the Mandala is career made it is used for entreaty and reflecting. When it is artistic, preachers say-by-heart chants and entreatys anteriorly it is swept afar, which classizes evanescence. 3. What rules the portrayal of Buddha shadows? When did these shadows set-on-foot to pop up? There are shadows of Buddha to succor superveneers recall their method, and to recall the discernment of his adviseings, and honour his fame as a peculiar, and the occurrence that he occurrence that he escaped Samsara. The shadows are to redesire Buddhists, recall, and to honour. 4. Exercise the 9 divergent Mudras and apprehend what they play. 5. What is institute in the Stupas? Relics of the Buddha and other dimidiationowed constitutes are institute in the Stupas. 6. Picture how Lotus flowers classically play civilizeds. The trust is that some of the flowers are bogged down in the mud, and some environing to confusion. The similarity is that all similarity affect the ability to amplify their possible and ascend from an undesirefficacious temper. 7. What are Buddhapadas? Call 2 classs institute on them? Buddhapadas are the playations of Buddha’s footprints, and are revered in all Buddhist countries, arbitratord to be locates where Buddha pellucid. Symbols could be the Buddha, or hunconcealed rotates on the “soles” of these footprints . Practices, Rituals and Festivals: 1. What is karma? How did the film Imrepresentative of the Globe limit it? Karma: “Action” or law of operation and effect; the enactation of one’s conceptions and operations, which determines one’s end in the contiguous temper. 2. What are the beggarly extendings and what do they play? Flowers- consequently as they dwindle and wilt, they emphasize the credence of evanescence. Provoke Sticks- cremate in the abode and the habitation to classize the Buddha’s “odour of holiness. ” Easy of a candle- playing Buddha’s honesty. 3. Compare Buddha, Dhamma, and Sanhga Day. Buddha Day: Celebrated on the full-moon day of May, excluded the conception that the parentage, honesty, and liberate of the Buddha falled on this day. People convene on the reasons of the monasteries, bringing flowers, lit candles and provoke sticks. They trudge environing the deep dimidiation three ages conjuncture reciting the Three Refuges. Dhamma Day: Celebrated on the full-moon day of July, career the day of the Foremost Sermon, similarity subjoin and extend prop to preachers, nuns and novices in Deer Park. At confusion, similarity furnish prop to the penniless, watch the Five Precepts, and exercise reflecting. Sanhga Day: Celebrated on the full-moon day of March, keeps two great flushts in the Buddha’s temper. The foremost was the ordinance of the basic principles of Buddhist adviseings, and the avoid was a discourse denominated the Basis of Success. Prop is extended to preachers, and similarity vouch in cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered karma accumulating activities. Satellites watch the Five Precepts and atnurture a discourse at the monastery. Groups and Institutions: 1. Compare the 3 deep amplifys: Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana. Theravada: Skilled in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. Considered the peculiar and further unsuppressed amplify of Buddhism. Simply recognizes Tripitaka, as scripture. Focuses on the adviseings of Buddha, not Buddha himself. They rely on reflecting and recognition to master nirvana. They arbitrator that civilizeds are singulars, the key strength is masterment, conceptions is for preachers, the conceptionl career is the Arhat, that Buddha is a lbalance of truth, and entreaty through reflecting. Mahayana: Skilled in China, Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. A further profuse amplify, and see Buddha as a venial career. Argument on Bodhisattvas. They arbitrator that civilizeds are entangled delay others, that the key strength is tenderness, conception is besides for lay similarity, the conceptionl career is Bodhisattva, Buddha is saviour, and entreaty for desire. Vajrayana: Skilled in Tibet, Bhutan, and Nepal. Focuses on graves, such as mantras, and classical creations secure to Buddhism such as mandalas. Focuses on the Dalai Lama, who is their venial pioneer. 2 . Where is Zen exercised? What does it emphasize? What are koans? Zen in exercised in the Rinzai School, and the Soto amplify. Koans are problems used to experiment students on their honesty. Singular 4: Western Religions: Judaism and Christianity Judaism 1. Define: Tanakh, Torah, and Talmud. What is the dissimilitude among these? Tanakh: The Jeeagerness Bible consisting of the Torah, the Prophets, and the fitnesss. Torah: Refers to the Law of Moses as polite-mannered-mannered as the cessation of the Hebrew Scriptures and the complete conception classification of the Jeeagerness conviction. The vocefficacious Torah is frequently translated as discernment “law”, but a further accurate translation is “teaching” or “instruction”. Talmud: Rabbinic adviseings superficial from the Mishnah. It is the deep fountain of Jeeagerness adviseing from the medieval conclusion to the bestow. The Torah is the foremost five dimensionss of the Tanakh, the Hebrew bible. Apprehend to Christians as the old experimentament. The Talmud is a collation of rabbinical commentaries on the Hebrew bible, Jeeagerness narrative, and other such arts. You can reflect the Talmud to be an encyclopedia of explanation. 2. In a few apexs divergentiate among the 4 deep Jeeagerness denominations. 1. Orthodox Judaism: Orthodox Jews arbitrator that God gave Moses the undiminished Torah (Written and Oral) at Mount Sinai. Orthodox Jews arbitrator that the Torah comprises 613 mitzvot (commandments) that are confineing upon Jews. New-fashioned Orthodox Jews precisely watch halakhah (Jeeagerness Law), but tranquil mix into new-fashioned sodality. Ultra-Orthodox Jews, which includes Chasidic Jews, precisely watch Jeeagerness laws and do not mix into new-fashioned sodality by verbiage distinctively and deeptenance individually. 2. Unsuppressed Judaism: Unsuppressed Judaism deeptains that the conceptions in the Torah conclude from God, but were epidemic by civilizeds and comprise a civilized element. Unsuppressed Judaism publicly recognizes the confineing exactness of halakhah (Jeeagerness Law), but arbitrators that the Law should commingle, absorbing aspects of the prevailing civilizedization conjuncture holding penny to Judaism's appreciates. 3. Reconstitute Judaism: Reconstitute Judaism arbitrators that the Torah was written by divergent civilized fountains, rather than by God, and then succeeding in-one. Conjuncture Reconstitute Judaism does not recognize the confineing exactness of halakhah (Jeeagerness Law), the change-of-place does hold investigateefficacious of the appreciates and ethics of Judaism as polite-mannered-mannered as some of the exercises and civilizedization. Reconstructionist Judaism: Reconstructionist arbitrator that Judaism is an "evolving pious cultivation. " In one way it is further profuse than Reconstitute Judaism - the change-of-place does not arbitrator in a peculiarified earth that is unhindered in narrative and does not arbitrator that God chose the Jeeagerness similarity. In another way Reconstructionist Judaism is near profuse than Reconstitute Judaism - Reconstructionist may watch Jeeagerness Law, not consequently it is a confineing Law from God, but consequently it is a valuefficacious cultural chip. 3. Advise the discernment of the behindcited similarity in the unvarnished amplifyment of Judaism; Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon, the Rabbis. Abraham was instructed by God to propel to a exceptional place to educate a tribe. God chose Abraham and promised to bnear him and construct him a “great tribe”. The conception of God’s Covenant. Dumelody the age of Moses, God’s Covenant took on a new discernment. The Mosaic ties would affect God cater His similarity delay the Ten Commandments that would remit him to confineer his Covenant. Moses came to Mount Horeb, denominated the mountain of God in the Dimensions of Exodus. He encountered God through a cremateing bush. God revealed that the cries of the Israelites had been heard and that they would be set profuse through Moses. (Passover). David scored a number of soldierlike victories balance his enemies and flushtually instituteed Jerusalem as his important city. Solomon built a habitation that would attend as a capital of honor for the Jeeagerness conviction for the contiguous millennium. Rabbi: A Jeeagerness gownsman or adviseer, in-particular of the Law, a peculiar appointed as a Jeeagerness pious pioneer. 4. What are Kashrut and Terafah? Kashrut: The Jeeagerness dietary Laws; the unhindered supply to the rules of career Kosher. Terafah: nonkosher: not conforming to dietary laws. 5. Picture the Jeeagerness graves. What are some of the “items” used in Jeeagerness graves? Synagogue, Kiddush, minyan, yarmulke, tallis, tefillin, Shabbat, Rosh Hashannah, Yom kippur, Hanukkah, Pesach, Seder, chametz, Haggadah, circumcision. 6. Explain how twain God and those of the Jeeagerness conviction upabide the Covenant. The conception of the Covenant is that the Jeeagerness similarity are God’s similarity and confineer-akeep-adistribute of His Covenant. In mold they must do His consummate to be in His Covenant. 7. Advise Mitzvah, Barakhah, and Halakah. Mitzvah: A direction from God; the act of performing a cheerful-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered perpetration. The most polite-mannered-unreserved mitzvoth are the Ten Commandments. Barakhah: A gladdening. Halakah: The allowable confineer-akeep-adistribute of Talmudic scholarship, an definition of the laws of the Scriptures. 8. Advise Bar Mitzvah and what it balances for a young Jeeagerness boy. Bar Mitzvah: The pious prelude pageant of a Jeeagerness boy who has reached the age of thirteen. This balances they can now be a confineer-akeep-adistribute of the Minyan. Christianity 1. Identify the significance of the behindcited on the temper of Jesus Christ and Christianity: Augustus Caesar, Pontius Pilate, Pax Romana, The Sanhedrin, Roman Tolerance, Constantine. Augustus Caesar was the Emperor when Jesus was born. Pontius Pilate was the Roman Governor who ordained that Jesus be crucified. Pax Romana was a age when Rome was very governmentful and proportionately quietful, dumelody which Christianity multiplied fast. The Sanhedrin: The primary affect of exactice and the disunite-amongotal chamber in old Jerusalem. The Roman dominion had a tolerance for Christianity remiting it to balancelay dumelody the ages of the Pax Romana. Constantine was a Roman Emperor who appropriateed to Christianity. 2. Summarize the behindcited: Lent, Easter, Christmas, Epiphany, Ascension and Pentecost. Lent is a 40 day conclusion of age, in which Christians furnish up bigwig, classically playing how Jesus went into the void for 40 days. Easter is the holiest Christian misemployment, celebrating Jesus’ Resurrection. Christmas is the day celebrating Jesus parentage. Epiphany, twelve days behind Christmas, used to keep the disclosure of Jesus as God’s son at the age of his baptism in the Jordan River. When the Hallowed temper supposing the apostles delay venial gifts and abilities fifty days behind Easter remiting them to go into Jerusalem and advertise their conviction enthusiastically. 3. Contour the fundaunsubstantial conceptions of Christians as contour in the Nicene Creed of 325 CE. They arbitrator in one God, and that Jesus Christ is His son. That Jesus sdimidiation conclude frequently delay honor to arbitrator the deeptenance and the defunct, the conception in the Hallowed Spirit, the bulky and apostolic habitation, and the acknowledgement of baptism for the forgiveness of sins. 4. Who wrote the Gospels of the New Testament? Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. 5. In what ways is the Bulky conception “outwardly” apexeded? Through the Pope, one of the most polite-mannered-unreserved pious pioneers in the general globe. It is not exact instituteed on one’s own conception and conviction, but besides through one’s operations and how they talk, advertiseing their conviction, making it apprehendn through conception, vocefficacious and operation. . Identify the Sacraments of Christianity (i. e. Confirmation). Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist. 7. What was the Great Schism? What operationd it? What was the effect? The Great Schism was a cleave among the Eastern and Western Church, operationd by deeply the recognizeed or postponement of the Pop and his pattern, and the filioque operation, using “ and the Son” at the end of the Nicene Creed, where as other assemblys arbitratord that the Hallowed Temper proceeds solely from the Hallowed Father, and not from the Son. This effected in the two assemblys to disconnected and beconclude their own denominations. 8. What was the Protestant improvement? Advise the dissimilitude among Catholicism and Protestanism. The Protestant Improvement was the reconstitute of the western habitation in expostulate to its exercises. Orthodox and Roman Churches had frequently focused on the significance of twain conviction and works, Protestantism is the conception of rescue through conviction sole, which molded the conception internal, rather than focusing on apparent sings.